- Consult the FSIS Export Library for a specific country.
- These files contain information obtained by FSIS from direct communication with government officials in the importing country.
- If a country is not listed, it should be assumed that nothing is known about that country's import requirements, and FSIS will issue the FSIS Form 9060-5, Meat and Poultry Export Certificate of Wholesomeness, without any additional information provided in the "Remarks" section.
- For a country that is not listed, exporters are advised to work closely with the importer for information regarding eligibility of the product, certification requirements, and the existence of a valid import permit for the product.
- Check the list of U.S. establishments eligible to export to a specific country.
- Most countries accept products from all Federally-authorized establishments, but some only accept products from plants that have been pre-certified. In the case of countries accepting product from all Federally-authorized establishments, this is indicated in the country requirements under the section entitled "Plant Eligibility".
- If the importing country requires pre-certification of the establishment, this will be indicated in the FSIS Export Library for the country. For such pre-certification requests, FSIS Form 9080-3, Establishment Application for Export, is to be completed and submitted by establishment personnel using PHIS (Public Health Information System). Effective June 29, 2018, FSIS no longer accepts the paper version of FSIS Form 9080-3 submitted to FSIS IPP. For establishments that do not have access to or use PHIS, they are to send a fully completed paper copy of FSIS Form 9080-3 to the FSIS Proxy, using one of the three options listed below. The FSIS Proxy will enter the application information into PHIS on the applicant’s behalf.
- Email: FSCExport.Recon@usda.gov;
- Mail: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection
Service, FMD, Financial Services Center, P.O. Box 9205, Des Moines, IA
- Fax: 1-844-378-1048
- Email: FSCExport.Recon@usda.gov;
- Please consult the FSIS Export Library for any additional information that may be specific to a country regarding FSIS Form 9080-3 requirements.
- If the product(s) is eligible for export to a specific country, obtain a copy of FSIS Form 9060-6, Application for Export Certificate, from the FSIS Forms page of the FSIS web site for countries not active in PHIS. For exports to those countries active in PHIS, the export applicant is to complete and submit the application for export in PHIS.
- Read the form carefully because it requires the exporter to certify that the products meet the import requirements of the country to which the products are being exported.
- Complete the application and present it to the FSIS inspector assigned to the establishment from which the product is being exported and who performs export verification and product re-inspection according to FSIS Directive 9000.1.
- For exports outside of PHIS, the inspector will sign the application and provide a blank export certificate or the certificate's serial number.
- For exports in PHIS, the inspector will review the application for export and issue a completed export certificate upon approval of the export consignment.
- As required by 9 CFR § 322.1 and 9 CFR § 381.105, when authorized by FSIS inspection personnel, establishment personnel must apply an official USDA export mark as described in §312.8, or a unique identifier mark to 1) each outside container of any inspected and passed product within a consignment, 2) a securely enclosed pallet or pallets within the consignment (e.g. shrink-wrapped or other effective means), or 3) the closed means of conveyance transporting the consignment (e.g. rail car, air, ocean container, truck), depending on the method identified in the importing country’s Export Library. Establishments must follow the importing country’s Export Library requirements when applying the USDA export mark or unique identifier. The official USDA export mark bears the unique FSIS form 9060-5 export certificate serial number. If a unique identifier mark is used it must be provided in the FSIS form 9060-5 Remarks block to link a consignment to its corresponding export certificate.
- For exports outside of PHIS, the export applicant is to present the completed export certificate for signature to the appropriate FSIS signing official along with any other supplemental documents (e.g. letterhead certificates) required by the country.
- Most certificates may be signed by the FSIS inspector, but some countries may require the signature of the FSIS Public Health Veterinarian.
- The country requirements will indicate when the signature of the FSIS Public Health Veterinarian is required.
- If the country requirements remain silent, the signature of an FSIS Inspector will suffice.
- The original copy of the certificate will be provided to the exporter and must be provided to the importing country with the shipment.
- Although FSIS Form 9060-5 is the generic export certificate issued for most countries, some countries require a dedicated certificate. For example, Canada requires meat and poultry products be certified on FSIS Form 9135-3, and Russia requires poultry products be certified on FSIS Form 9450-4. Consult the country’s requirements in the export library for complete certification information.
- Only statements or information that are required and found in the export library will be certified by FSIS on the export certificate or associated continuation page(s).
The chart below provides additional guidance on whether a label for export only with deviations from domestic requirements (9 CFR 317.7 and 9 CFR 381.128) should be submitted for sketch approval.
- View as PDF
Three ways an export label is approved:
- The export label complies with domestic requirements and does not fall into one of the four categories in 9 CFR 412.1. Generically approved; see 9 CFR 412.2
- The export label falls into one of the four categories in 9 CFR 412.1 or has labeling deviations. The label requires submission to LPDS.
- The final export label has been prior approved, and the company is making a change.
- If the change does not affect prior approved claims, create a new labeling deviation, or add new claims or special statements, the change is generically approved under 9 CFR 412.2 and does not require submission to LPDS.
- If the change does affect prior approved claims, create a new labeling deviation, or add new claims or special statements, the change requires submission to LPDS for approval under 9 CFR 412.1. See the FSIS Compliance Guidance for Label Approval
|LABEL ATTRIBUTES||ACTION||REGULATORY AUTHORITY|
Meets FSIS domestic requirements.
Generic approval permitted if allowed domestically.
9 CFR 412.2
Deviates from FSIS domestic requirements (with exception of labels printed in foreign language or labels with net weight expressed in metric units).
Sketch approval required. Label submission should include supporting documentation verifying foreign government acceptance of the labeling deviation.
9 CFR 412.1
Previously sketch approved with changes that do not affect any claims or create new labeling deviations.
Generic approval is allowed.
9 CFR 412.2
Previously sketch approved with changes that do affect claims, create new labeling deviations, or adds new claims.
Sketch approval required.
9 CFR 412.1
The addition of a foreign language sticker with additional labeling information required by the importing country. The sticker does not add a claim or new labeling deviation.
Generic approval is allowed.
9 CFR 412.2
The addition of a foreign language sticker with additional labeling information required by the importing country. The sticker adds a claim or new labeling deviation.
Sketch approval required.
9 CFR 412.1
Foreign language only, the addition of direct translation of foreign language on English labels, and/or net weight expressed in metric.
Generic approval is allowed if these are the only labeling deviations. English translation must be part of labeling record and must have Est. number and inspection legend in English.
9 CFR 412.2
Eligible products exported to these countries must be produced under an approved USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) Export Verification (EV) Program and be identified as meeting the requirements of the applicable EV Program. Information about the USDA AMS EV Program and a list of approved establishments can be obtained from AMS' Website. AMS maintains various EV programs that are designed to address the specified product requirements for individual countries.
- LS Bovine EV Programs
- LS Porcine EV Programs
- LS Ovine EV Programs
- Poultry Export Verification Programs
Under an EV program, only certain product and/or product codes are allowed for export. The unique product identification system can be accessed by authorized FSIS inspection personnel from FSIS' Intranet site.
See Export Verification Letter from Assistant Administrator, Office of Field Operations, to warehouse owners/operators.
U.S. meat, poultry and egg products returning to the U.S. must meet requirements defined by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) as well as FSIS.
FSIS must approve the request to return U.S. exported meat, poultry, and egg products. The product may be subject to reinspection in an official FSIS establishment prior to release into commerce (9 CFR 327.17, 381.209, and 590.965).
U.S. Customs ad Border Protection Requirements
Applicants returning U.S. products in the U.S. must file the proper customs entry paperwork with the appropriate port director.
APHIS restricts some exported U.S. meat, poultry or egg products from entering the U.S. due to animal disease conditions in the country the product entered or transited. Prior to submitting the FSIS application for approval to return exported products, the applicant must verify that APHIS will permit entry. For information on animal health restrictions, contact the APHIS Veterinary Services, National Center for Import and Export.
Procedures for Returning Export Products to the United States
U.S. produced meat, poultry, and egg products that have been exported and are to return to the United States must be approved by Recall Management and Technical Analysis Division - Import Operations (RMTAD-IO) prior to arriving at the U.S. port of entry. Refer to the relevant export related FSIS Directives regarding U.S. exported and returned products for complete procedures.
The exporter/applicant must complete the FSIS Form 9010-1, "Application for the Return of Exported Products to the United States".
- FSIS Form 9010-1, "Application for the Return of Exported Products to the United States" (Fillable PDF).
The form should be completed and submitted by email to USReturnedExports@usda.gov, along with a copy of the export certificate (FSIS Form 9060-5 or 9135-3) and any additional supporting documentation related to the product prior to the shipment arriving in the U.S.
When the form and appropriate documentation are submitted to RMTAD-IO, the information will be assessed to determine whether the shipment needs to be reinspected prior to release into commerce. RMTAD-IO will consider the following questions when making the determination:
- What is the condition of the product and its immediate container?
- How long has the product been out of the country?
- Where has the product been since it was exported from the U.S.?
- Under what conditions has the product been held?
- What has been the chain of ownership of the product?
- Was the product ever abandoned?
- Is the product labeled in compliance with U.S. regulations?
- Was the product refused entry by a foreign government, and, if so, what were the circumstances behind the refusal? A copy of the foreign inspection report may be required.
- Is the product in its original container?
- Has the product entered commerce in the foreign country?
- Are there any food safety concerns associated with the return of this product?
- What do you plan on doing with the product once it is returned?
If the applicant provides the information above with their original submission, it may expedite RMTAD-IO’s ability to make its determination.
If reinspection is required, RMTAD-IO will inform the applicant, who will coordinate a plan for examination with the designated official FSIS establishment where the reinspection is to occur and the appropriate District Office (DO). Once the DO has concurred with the reinspection location, RMTAD-IO will advise the applicant that the shipment can proceed to the designated establishment for reinspection. FSIS inspection personnel at the official establishment will reinspect the product, including taking any samples needed, to determine whether it is not adulterated or misbranded and that there is no product tampering. The DO will report results of the reinspection to RMTAD-IO.
Note: The product will be retained if it has been adulterated or misbranded. Approval for release into commerce will be designated on the application (FSIS Form 9010-1), which will be transmitted to the applicant from RMTAD-IO.
For more information on returning exported U.S. meat, poultry, or egg products, interested parties should contact FSIS at USReturnedExports@usda.gov.
Exported Processed Egg Products
The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is responsible for inspecting egg products under the authority of the Egg Products Inspection Act (EPIA) (21 U.S.C. 1031 et seq.).5). Some examples include Pasteurized Frozen Whole Egg with citric acid; plain Pasteurized Frozen Whole Egg without added ingredients; Pasteurized Liquid Yolk with 10% salt; Pasteurized Frozen Scrambled Egg Mix with Whole Egg and pepper, starch, and dried milk; Frozen Yolks with 10% sugar added; Frozen Egg Whites with whipping aids (such as sodium sulfate or triethyl citrate); Pasteurized Enzyme Modified Dried Egg Product with Egg Yolks and xanthan gum and citric acid to preserve color, and less than 1% silicon dioxide as an anticaking agent and phospholipase; Spray Dried Albumin; and Spray Dried Egg Whites with calcium citrate and salt (or other added ingredients).
Effective August 15, 2015, FSIS will issue the FSIS Form 9060-5EP, Egg Products Export Certificate of Wholesomeness, for the export of egg products that are amenable to the Egg Products Inspection Act. Inspection Program Personnel may access the instructions for completing the FSIS Form 9060-5EP.
Exporting products containing small amounts of egg
Products containing eggs in a relatively small proportion or that historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the egg food industry are not represented as egg products and are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Agricultural Marketing Service will certify for FDA a wide range of products, including cooked omelets, frozen egg patties, crepes, hard boiled eggs, egg substitutes, imitation egg products, mayonnaise, and foods containing egg extracts.
While these FDA-regulated products containing eggs may be produced under FSIS voluntary inspection for distribution in U.S. commerce, FSIS stopped certifying these products for export November 10, 2014. Exporters should contact the FDA or USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service for assistance. Additional information can be found on AMS' Website.
For any shipments of FDA-regulated products containing eggs previously certified by FSIS using the PY-200, exporters seeking a replacement certificate are to contact FSIS headquarters at 1-855-444-9904 or by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Requirements for all Countries (Countries with additional requirements are listed below)
At the request of the exporter, FSIS will issue FSIS Form 9060-5EP, provided the egg products are amenable to the Egg Products Inspection Act and meet FSIS requirements.
Prior to shipping egg products, exporters should be advised to have their importers confirm that the importing country will accept the certification statements indicated on the FSIS Form 9060-5EP.
Questions concerning export certification for FSIS regulated egg products may be submitted to the Import/Export Coordination and Policy Development Staff via email@example.com or by calling 202-720-0082 or 1-855-444-9904.
Countries with Additional Requirements
In addition to the requirements for all countries, the countries listed below have additional requirements, as determined by communication with appropriate government officials in each respective country.
- China, People's Republic of
- Costa Rica
- Dominican Republic
- El Salvador
- European Union
- French Polynesia
- Hong Kong
- Korea, Republic of
- New Caledonia
- New Zealand
- South Africa
- Trinidad and Tobago
- United Kingdom
Information about export eligibility of equine products, including horsemeat, is available in the specific country requirements. If no information is provided in the country’s requirement, FSIS has not been made aware of any special requirements of that country. In that case, FSIS will issue the FSIS Form 9060-5, Meat and Poultry Export Certificate of Wholesomeness, but will not provide additional certification in the "Remarks" section or any separate certification. Exporters are advised to work closely with importers to determine that equine products arriving at its international destination will be allowed entry.
Tips & Policy
- Effective June 29, 2018, all meat (including Siluriformes) and poultry exports to the following 16 countries must be processed through PHIS (Public Health Information System): Afghanistan, Andorra, Bahamas, Bolivia, Burundi, Cape Verde, Cook Islands, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Mozambique, San Marino, Tanzania, and Uganda. These countries do not maintain additional export requirements and therefore do not appear in the country list below.
- Effective May 20, 2019, all meat (including Siluriformes) and poultry exports to the following 21 countries must be processed through PHIS (Public Health Information System): Angola, Antarctica, Aruba, Bhutan, Botswana, Bouvett Island, Brunei Darussalam, Christmas Island, Comoros, Eritrea, Falkland Islands, Faroe Islands, French Southern and Antarctic Islands, Greenland, Guernsey, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lesotho, Liechtenstein, and Vietnam. Most of these countries do not maintain additional export requirements and therefore do not appear in the country list below.
- Effective January 27, 2020, all meat (including Siluriformes) and poultry exports to the People’s Republic of China must be processed through PHIS (Public Health Information System).
- On January 27, 2020, all export applications for all meat (including Siluriformes) and poultry exports to the 38 countries listed above must be processed through PHIS. Applicants are to complete the electronic export application through PHIS. For those applicants not using PHIS, they are to submit a paper export application, FSIS Form 9060-6 (available here or from the forms tab of the FSIS website) to the FSIS Proxy by one of the following methods:
Export Related FSIS Directives
FSIS Directives contain instructions of an indefinite duration.
- 9000.1: Export Certification
- 9000.6: Export Certification of Egg Products from Other Than Official Egg Products Plants
- 9010.1, Export Products Returned to the United States
- 6210.2 Inspection of Poultry Feet
Export Related Final Rules
Electronic Export Application and Certification Charge; Flexibility in the Requirements for Export Inspection Marks, Devices, and Certificates; Egg Products Export Certification
Find answers to questions on inspection-related policies, programs, systems, and procedures. Search the knowledge base, submit a new question, or sign up to be notified when answers are updated.
To assist U.S. exporters, the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) provides a Web site containing FAS contacts at Embassies located throughout the world; as well as the Ag Exporter Assistance, which contains helpful information on exporting from the U.S.