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Constituent Update - April 24, 2015

FSIS Posts Third Quarter Salmonella, Campylobacter Report

Today, FSIS posted the third quarterly progress report of calendar year (CY) 2014 on Salmonella and Campylobacter testing of selected raw meat and poultry products. This report provides preliminary data from July through September 2014 on all establishments eligible for Salmonella testing that have completed at least two sampling verification sets since June 2006.

As of September 2014, of all establishments in all product classes (broiler, ground beef, ground chicken, ground turkey, turkey), 88.2 percent are in Category 1, which illustrates an increase from second quarter CY14.

From 171 broiler establishments, 2,396 samples were analyzed with a 4.1 percent positive rate, representing an increase from the percent positive rate for second quarter CY14. Ongoing adjustments in category percentages are expected as establishments transition into the July 2011 tightened performance standards. Category 3 rates have not increased during this period. The below table lists percentages of broiler establishments by category as of September 2014.

Plant Category

Cat1

Cat2T

Cat2

Cat3

Percentage
of Broiler
Est.

87.7

4.7

4.1

3.5


Each month since April 2008, FSIS posts the names of broiler establishments demonstrating highly vari­able process control. The Agency highlights performance for the broiler class because of its negative impact on foodborne illness. This report also includes Salmonella and Campylobacter data tables related to the Agency’s Comminuted Poultry Not-Ready-To-Eat (NRTE) Sampling Project.

There are some noteworthy changes in the format of this report. In the third quarter of CY14, raw ground beef sets ended (except for Category 3 establishments), and testing for Salmonella was added to the random sampling programs for various raw beef products, as summarized in Table 9. Testing for Salmonella in imported raw ground beef was also initiated, with data shown in Table 10. Since these program changes occurred mid-quarter, the numbers may appear to be low, representing only about one month of sampling.

The complete report and program details are available http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/data-collection-and-reports/microbiology/quarterly-reports-salmonella.

NOTE: Campylobacter sampling results for young chicken and turkey carcasses continue to be collected.

FSIS Policy Updates

FSIS notices and directives on public health and regulatory issues are available at http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/regulations. The following policy updates were recently issued:

  • Notice 25-15, Notification of Availability of Revised Guidance Procedures for New Technology Notifications and Protocols
  • Directive 9510.1, Importation of Inedible Meat, Poultry and Egg Products

Export Requirement Updates

The Library of Export Requirements has been updated for the following countries:

  • Colombia
  • El Salvador Honduras
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kuwait
  • Nicaragua
  • Peru
  • Qatar
  • Republic of Macedonia
  • United Arab Emirates

Complete information can be found at http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/international-affairs/exporting-products. 

Risk-based Sampling of Beef Manufacturing Trimmings for Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7

Next week, FSIS will publish a Federal Register notice announcing changes to the algorithms for sampling bench trim and raw ground beef components, other than trim, to make them more risk-based. FSIS is changing these sampling algorithms to sample establishments proportional to production volume. Additionally, FSIS intends to overschedule to adjust for nonresponse under the redesigned programs, similar to how FSIS implemented changes to the trimmings program. The changes will be implemented 90 days after publication of the notice. FSIS is also responding to comments on the Sept. 19, 2012, Federal Register notice, “Risk-Based Sampling of Beef Manufacturing Trimmings for Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Plans for Beef Baseline” and providing updates on how it schedules sampling for beef manufacturing trimmings. The Agency is also making the following report available: “Effective Implementation of Beef Manufacturing Trimmings Sampling Redesign (MT60).”

The Federal Register notice will be available at http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/regulations/federal-register/federal-register-notices. The report will be available at http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/31575c98-2c22-4e9c-a19d-b3511d106082/Analysis-Beef-Trim-Redesign.pdf?MOD=AJPERES.

Update: FSIS Testing for E. coli

FSIS posts bi-weekly updates for the agency’s raw ground beef E. coli sampling program. Included are testing results of raw ground beef component samples for E. coli O157:H7 and STECs from FSIS routine and follow-up sampling programs. Also featured is data for non-O157 STECs by each non-O157 STEC serogroup.

Between June 4, 2012, and April 19, 2015, FSIS laboratory services analyzed a total of 9,123 beef trim samples (7,774 domestic and 1,349 imported); 2,634 routine follow-up samples (2,520 domes­tic and 114 imported); and 262 non-routine follow-up/traceback samples. One hundred six samples were found to be positive; 50 were domestic trim samples; four were imported trim samples, 48 were domestic follow-up samples, and four were non-routine follow-up/traceback samples. To date, three samples have been positive for both O157:H7 and non-O157 STEC, and six samples have been posi­tive for two different non-O157 O-groups.

To review testing results, visit the E. coli data tables at http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/data-collection-and-reports/microbiology/ec

Get Answers at askFSIS

AskFSIS is a web-based technology and policy question-and-answer forum on topics such as exporting, labeling, inspection, programs and procedures.

In addition, askFSIS offers Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feeds that link back to the Q&As. Visit http://askfsis.custhelp.com to view recently posted topics.