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Teaching Workshop: Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) BSE Surveillance

BSE Surveillance - Responsibilities

  • The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has primary responsibility for BSE surveillance activities and the actual testing.
    • FSIS has responsibility to notify APHIS of opportunities for testing.
    • If a sample is taken, FSIS will no longer allow the mark of inspection to be applied until the result from the APHIS testing comes back negative.

New FSIS Requirements

  • On January 12, 2004 FSIS issued two notices regarding our activities for BSE surveillance
    • The Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Surveillance Program (published in the Federal Register)
    • Interim Guidance for Non-Ambulatory Disabled Cattle and Age Determination (for FSIS inspection personnel)

Non-ambulatory Disabled Cattle

  • Cannot be slaughtered
  • Cannot enter the slaughter plant

FSIS VMO Responsibilities

  • FSIS Veterinary Medical Officers (VMOs) conduct ante-mortem inspection on all abnormal cattle presented for slaughter. VMOs must condemn cattle which are:
    • Dead and dying.
    • Non-ambulatory disabled.
    • Show symptoms of central nervous system (CNS) disorders, even if ambulatory.

When VMOs Contact APHIS

  • FSIS VMO contacts APHIS Area Veterinarian-in-Charge (AVIC) in these cases:
    • If cattle are non-ambulatory disabled,
    • If cattle show signs of CNS disorders,
    • And, if there is reason to believe such cattle are 20 months of age or older.

FSIS VMO Responsibilities

  • If a sample is collected for the APHIS BSE Surveillance program, FSIS VMO:
    • Ensures that all animal identification is maintained.
    • Maintains control of the animal until the plant documents how it will properly dispose of the animal.

FSIS VMO Responsibilities

  • The APHIS Veterinarian-in-Charge notifies the FSIS VMO if it is not possible for APHIS personnel to get to the slaughter plant.
  • In that case, the FSIS VMO:
    • Maintains control of the animal until the plant documents proper disposal.
    • Ensures the animal is humanely euthanized.
    • Verifies disposal of the carcass.

FSIS VMO Responsibilities

  • Verifies that the plant has properly disposed of the animals.
    • In accordance with 9 CFR 309.13 and 9 CFR 320.
  • Maintains the records required by 9 CFR 320.
  • Verifies rendering requirements met.
    • 9 CFR 309.13, 9 CFR 314.1 and 314.3

Condemned Cattle - Treatment

  • At the request of the owner or operator, condemned cattle can be set apart and held for treatment. (9 CFR 309.13)
    • Treatment must be performed under the supervision of an FSIS program employee or designee of the District Manager.
    • The owner or operator must first obtain permission for the movement of such cattle from the local, State, or Federal livestock sanitary official having jurisdiction.

Further Information

  • I urge you to review your workbooks. What I have discussed today is in:
    • FSIS Notice 5-04, Interim Guidance for Non-Ambulatory Disabled Cattle and Age Determination.
    • FSIS Notice published in the Federal Register, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Surveillance Program.
Last Modified Dec 30, 2016