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Humane Handling Quarterly Report for the 12-Month Period Ending March 31, 2012

United States Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service - Office of Field Operations (FSIS – OFO)

Overview
This report provides an overview of humane handling (HH) and slaughter procedures (04C02) performed by FSIS inspection program personnel (IPP) in Federally Inspected livestock slaughter facilities. Also included is information on noncompliance records (NR) issued for inhumane handling, HH verification time recorded in the FSIS Humane Handling Activity Tracking System (HATS), FSIS slaughter data, and inhumane handling suspensions for the 12-month period ending March 31, 2012.

The FSIS Data Analysis and Integration Group (DAIG) extracted data on inspection activities, slaughter totals, and HH time from the FSIS Data Warehouse including data from establishments converted to PHIS. This data was extracted May 8, 2012. The suspension data was provided by FSIS' Office of Program Evaluation, Enforcement and Review (OPEER).

Humane Handling Procedures Performed
For the 12-month period ending March 31, 2012, there were 146,952 Humane Handling 04C02 procedures performed (Table 1). During this time, the percent of noncompliance rate was 0.41%, compared to 0.46% for the 12-month period ending March 31, 2011.

Suspensions
There were 68 inhumane handling suspensions at 56 FSIS facilities with an overall NR rate of 1.08% for the 12-month period ending March 31, 2012, compared to 67 inhumane handling suspensions at 53 FSIS facilities with an overall NR rate of 0.63% for the 12-month period ending March 31, 2011 (Table 2). From the 56 suspended facilities, 1 establishment had 4 suspensions and 9 establishments had 2 suspensions (OPEER suspension data).

Time Spent on HATS Activities
For the 12-month period ending March 31, 2012, the total HATS time was 298,109 hours in 805 FSIS livestock slaughter plants, compared to 313,223 hours for the 12-month period ending March 31, 2011 in 794 FSIS livestock slaughter plants (Table 3). The time spent by Public Health Veterinarians (PHV) was 173,371 hours compared to 124,738 hours by non-PHV inspection personnel.

Plant Size Comparison of Livestock Facilities, Head Slaughtered, Procedures Performed and HATS Activities
When breaking down the slaughter, 04C02 procedures, and HATS time data by plant size for the 12-month period ending March 31, 2012, the following was identified: Livestock heads slaughtered ranged from 2,179,325 in 561 very small plants to 124,312,528 in 63 large plants; the percent noncompliance rate was 0.33% for large plants, .41% for small plants, and 0.46% for very small plants. The HATS time per 04C02 procedure performed ranged from 3.02 hours per 04C02 procedure performed in large plants to 1.19 hours per 04C02 procedure performed in very small plants (Table 4).

District Comparison of Livestock Facilities, Head Slaughtered, Procedures Performed and HATS Activities
For the 12-month period ending March 31, 2012, the noncompliance percent rate by district ranged from 0.17% in Lawrence, to 0.77% in Minneapolis. For the same time period, the noncompliance rate per 100,000 livestock heads slaughtered ranged from 0.10 in Des Moines to 17.97 in Albany (Table 5).

Overall, for the 12-month period ending March 31, 2012, livestock head slaughtered decreased slightly when compared to the 12-month period ending March 31, 2011. Also, the overall HATS time decreased from 313,223 hours to 298,109 hours. However, the number of 04C02 procedures increased from 124,546 to 146,952. While the number of noncompliances increased from 572 to 605, the overall noncompliance rate decreased from .46% to .41%.


Table 1: Total 04C02 Procedures Performed from 4/1/2011 to 03/31/2012.

Quarter Total Performed Noncompliant Percent Noncompliant
FY11Q3 32,787 119 0.36%
FY11Q4 33,646 135 0.40%
FY12Q1 38,102 166 0.44%
FY12Q2 42,417 185 0.44%
FY11Q3-FY12Q2 Total 146,952 605 0.41%
 
FY10Q3-FY11Q2 Total 124,546 572 0.46%


Table 2: Total 04C02 Procedures Performed in FSIS Facilities Suspended for Inhumane Handling from 4/1/2011 to 03/31/2012.

Quarter Suspension Initiation Total Performed Noncompliant Percent Noncompliant
FY11Q3 12 3,091 28 0.91%
FY11Q4 21 3,095 35 1.13%
FY12Q1 23 4,125 45 1.09%
FY12Q2 12 4,898 57 1.16%
FY11Q3-FY12Q2 Total 68 15,209 165 1.08%
 
FY10Q3-FY11Q2 Total 67 12,612 80 0.63%

 

Table 3. PHV and Non-PHV Time Spent on HATS activities by FSIS personnel from 4/1/2011 to 03/31/2012.

Quarter PHV Time Non-PHV Time Total Time
FY11Q3 39,113 37,407 76,520
FY11Q4 42,522 36,345 78,867
FY12Q1 43,268 29,202 72,470
FY12Q2 48,468 21,784 70,252
FY11Q3-FY12Q2 Total 173,371 124,738 298,109
Staff Years* 83 60 143
 
FY10Q3-FY11Q2 Total 147,551 165,672 313,223
Staff Years* 71 80 151

*1 staff year equivalent = 2,080 hours


Table 4: Number of Federally Inspected Livestock Slaughter Facilities by Plant Size** from 4/1/2011 to 03/31/2012, including: Head Slaughtered, Inhumane Handling Suspensions, 04C02 Procedures, and HATS Time.

Size Livestock Slaughter Facilities Livestock Head Slaughtered Inhumane Handling Suspensions Suspensions / Livestock Facilities Total 04C02 Performed 04C02
Non-
compliant
Percent Non- compliant Total HATS in Hours HATS (hours) per 04C02 Performed
Large 63 124,312,528 10 0.16 37,725 123 0.326% 113,941 3.02
Small 181 18,792,365 18 0.10 43,880 180 0.410% 106,346 2.42
Very Small 561 2,179,325 40 0.07 65,347 302 0.462% 77,822 1.19
FY11Q3-FY12Q2 Total 805 145,284,218 68 0.08 146,952 605 0.412% 298,109 2.03
 
FY10Q3-FY11Q2 Total 794 146,231,179 67 0.08 124,546 572 0.46% 313,223 2.51

**Large—establishments with 500 or more employees; Small—establishments with 10 or more but fewer than 500 employees; very small— establishments with fewer than 10 employees.


Table 5: Total Count of Federally Inspected Livestock Slaughter Facilities and 04C02 Procedure Results and HATS Time from 4/1/2011 to 03/31/2012 by FSIS District, including Livestock Head Slaughtered, and Noncompliant by Livestock Heads Slaughtered.

District Livestock Slaughter Facilities Livestock Head Slaughtered HATS Time in Livestock Facilities HATS Time in Cattle Facilities Total 04C02 Performed 04C02
Non-
compliant
Percent
Non-
compliant
NRs per 100,000 Livestock Head Slaughtered
05 Alameda 31 4,670,306 30,633 24,453 8,236 44 0.53% 0.94
15 Denver 103 6,326,079 32,928 29,511 16,888 47 0.28% 0.74
20 Minneapolis 46 16,214,567 10,827 5,994 8,777 68 0.77% 0.42
25 Des Moines 54 44,197,128 34,932 18,175 17,563 45 0.26% 0.10
30 Lawrence 60 14,691,542 23,857 19,618 10,485 18 0.17% 0.12
35 Springdale 15 5,655,890 5,167 606 2,235 16 0.72% 0.28
40 Dallas 46 7,361,820 29,427 25,525 11,065 34 0.31% 0.46
45 Madison 52 3,188,713 20,797 17,085 7,202 55 0.76% 1.72
50 Chicago 57 20,457,868 21,453 7,470 12,133 33 0.27% 0.16
60 Philadelphia 101 4,346,441 20,118 16,767 15,109 49 0.32% 1.13
65 Albany 56 350,651 7,628 7,593 8,437 63 0.75% 17.97
75 Beltsville 43 2,586,604 4,287 3,503 6,184 32 0.52% 1.24
80 Raleigh 66 13,646,794 25,080 11,563 10,784 64 0.59% 0.47
85 Atlanta 46 696,247 17,032 14,490 6,132 24 0.39% 3.45
90 Jackson 29 893,568 13,943 5,576 5,722 13 0.23% 1.45
FY11Q3-FY12Q2 Total 805 145,284,218 298,109 207,927 146,952 605 0.41% 0.42
 
FY10Q3-FY11Q2 Total 794 146,231,179 313,223 212,880 124,546 572 0.46% 0.39
Last Modified Jul 15, 2013