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Humane Handling Quarterly Report for the 12-month Period Ending September 30, 2013

United States Department of Agriculture
Food Safety and Inspection Service - Office of Field Operations (FSIS – OFO)


Overview
This report provides an overview of humane handling (HH) and slaughter procedures (04C02) performed by FSIS inspection program personnel (IPP) in Federally Inspected livestock slaughter facilities. Also included is information on noncompliance records (NR) issued for inhumane handling, HH verification time recorded in the FSIS Humane Handling Activity Tracking System (HATS), FSIS slaughter data, and inhumane handling suspensions for the 12-month period ending September 30, 2013 (October 1, 2012 to September 30, 2013.

The FSIS – Data Analysis and Integration Staff (DAIS) extracted data on inspection activities, slaughter totals, and HH time from the FSIS Data Warehouse.  This data was extracted December 18, 2013.  The suspension data was provided by FSIS’ Office of Investigation, Enforcement, and Audits (OIEA).

Humane Handling Procedures Performed
For the 12-month period ending September 30, 2013, there were 183,781 Humane Handling 04C02 procedures performed (Table 1).  This is a 7% increase from the 171,953 procedures performed for the 12-month period ending September 30, 2012.  While the number of procedures increased by 7% the noncompliance rate decreased 20% from 0.40% to 0.32%.

Suspensions
There were 72 inhumane handling suspensions at 60 FSIS facilities with an overall NR rate of 0.81% for the 12-month period ending September 30, 2013, compared to 72 inhumane handling suspensions at 58 FSIS facilities with an overall NR rate of 0.97% for the 12-month period ending September 30, 2012 (Table 2). From the 60 suspended facilities, 2 establishments had 3 suspensions each and 6 establishments had 2 suspensions each (OIEA suspension data).  

Time Spent on HATS Activities
For the 12-month period ending September 30, 2013, the total HATS time was 369,041 hours in 798 FSIS livestock slaughter plants. This is a 12.5% increase from the 328,157 HATS hours in 806 FSIS livestock slaughter plants for the 12-month period ending September 30, 2012 (Table 3).  For the current year, the time spent by Public Health Veterinarians (PHV) was 237,017 hours compared to 132,024 hours by non-PHV inspection personnel.

Plant Size Comparison of Livestock Facilities, Head Slaughtered, Procedures Performed and HATS Activities
When breaking down the slaughter, 04C02 procedures, and HATS time data by plant size for the 12-month period ending September 30, 2013, the following was identified.  Livestock heads slaughtered ranged from 3,185,029 in 564 very small plants to 126,517,891 in 63 large plants. The percent noncompliance rate was 0.17% for large plants to 0.41% for very small plants. Finally, the HATS time per 04C02 procedure performed ranged from 2.47 hours per 04C02 procedure performed in small plants to 1.43 hours per 04C02 procedure performed in very small plants (Table 4).

District Comparison of Livestock Facilities, Head Slaughtered, Procedures Performed and HATS Activities
For the 12-month period ending September 30, 2013, the noncompliance percent rate by district ranged from 0.15% in Denver, to 0.56% in Philadelphia.  For the same time period, the noncompliance rate per 100,000 livestock heads slaughtered ranged from 0.15 in Springdale to 3.28 in Philadelphia (Table 5).

Overall, for the 12-month period ending September 30, 2013, livestock head slaughtered increased slightly when compared to the 12-month period ending September 30, 2012.  Also, the overall HATS time increased from 328,157 hours to 369,041 hours. The number of 04C02 procedures increased from 171,953 to 183,781 and the number of noncompliances decreased from 684 to 588.


Table 1: Total 04C02 Procedures Performed from 10/1/2012 to 09/30/2013

Quarter Total Performed Noncompliant Percent Noncompliant
FY13Q1 47,326   166 0.35%
FY13Q2 45,223 147 0.33%
FY13Q3 45,903 121 0.26%
FY13Q4 45,329 154 0.34%
FY13Q1–FY13Q4 Total 183,781 588 0.32%
 
FY12Q1–FY12Q4 Total 171,953 684 0.40%


Table 2: Total 04C02 Procedures Performed in FSIS Facilities Suspended for Inhumane Handling from 10/1/2012 to 09/30/2013

Quarter Suspension Initiation Total Performed Noncompliant Percent Noncompliant
FY13Q1 21 4,833 46 0.95%
FY13Q2 17 4,647 38 0.82%
FY13Q3 21 4,559 35 0.77%
FY13Q4 13 4,571 31 0.68%
FY13Q1–FY13Q4 Total 72 18,610 150 0.81%
 
FY12Q1–FY12Q4 Total 72 16,734 162 0.97%

 

Table 3. PHV and Non-PHV Time Spent on HATS activities by FSIS personnel from 10/1/2012 to 09/30/2013

Quarter PHV Time Non-PHV Time Total Time
FY13Q1 64,705 36,060 100,764
FY13Q2 59,341 33,214 92,555
FY13Q3 57,577 32,147 89,724
FY13Q4 55,395 30,603 85,998
FY13Q1–FY13Q4 Total 237,017 132,024 369,041
Staff Years* 114 63 177
 
FY12Q1–FY12Q4 Total 212,996 115,162 328,157
Staff Years* 102 55 158

*1 staff year equivalent = 2,080 hours


Table 4: Number of Federally Inspected Livestock Slaughter Facilities by Plant Size** from 10/1/2012 to 09/30/2013, including: Head Slaughtered, Inhumane Handling Suspensions, 04C02 Procedures, and HATS Time

Size Livestock Slaughter Facilities Livestock Head Slaughtered Inhumane Handling Suspensions Suspensions/ Livestock Facilities Total 04C02 Performed 04C02
Non-
compliant
Percent Non- compliant Total HATS in Hours HATS (hours) per 04C02 Performed
Large 63 126,517,891 9 0.14 55,856 96 0.17% 132,520 2.37
Small 171 18,702,273 19 0.11 51,489 182 0.35% 127,195 2.47
Very Small 564 3,185,029 44 0.08 76,436 310 0.41% 109,326 1.43
FY13Q1–FY13Q4 Total 798 148,405,193 72 0.09 183,781 588 0.32% 369,041 2.01
 
FY12Q1–FY12Q4 Total 806 147,826,918 72 0.09 171,953 684 0.398% 328,157 1.91

**Large—establishments with 500 or more employees; Small—establishments with 10 or more but fewer than 500 employees; very small— establishments with fewer than 10 employees.


Table 5: Total Count of Federally Inspected Livestock Slaughter Facilities and 04C02 Procedure Results and HATS Time from 10/1/2012 to 09/30/2013 by FSIS District, including Livestock Heads Slaughtered, and Noncompliant by Livestock Heads Slaughtered

District Livestock Slaughter Facilities Livestock Head Slaughtered HATS Time in Livestock Facilities HATS Time in Cattle Facilities Total 04C02 Performed 04C02 Non- compliant Percent Non- compliant NRs per 100,000 Livestock Head Slaughtered
05 Alameda 38 5,198,244 41,209 32,251 12,727 46 0.36% 0.88
15 Denver 130 19,198,240 56,069 47,833 30,915 46 0.15% 0.24
25 Des Moines 80 50,016,660 50,205 24,236 28,330 102 0.36% 0.20
35 Springdale 67 15,268,753 26,417 21,690 14,059 29 0.21% 0.19
40 Dallas 57 12,057,591 41,185 32,729 14,977 39 0.26% 0.32
50 Chicago 84 22,459,950 38,582 18,960 19,420 64 0.33% 0.28
60 Philadelphia 142 4,328,326 37,317 33,518 25,141 142 0.56% 3.28
80 Raleigh 88 14,982,744 29,668 16,164 17,153 71 0.41% 0.47
85 Atlanta 56 1,525,751 26,255 20,199 10,412 22 0.21% 1.44
90 Jackson 56 3,368,934 22,135 10,384 10,647 27 0.25% 0.80
FY13Q1–FY13Q4 Total 798 148,405,193 369,041 257,963 183,781 588 0.32% 0.40
 
FY12Q1–FY12Q4 Total 806 147,826,918 328,157 228,794 171,953 684 0.40% 0.46

 

 

Last Modified May 22, 2014