Codex News - May 1, 2015
A summary of recent and upcoming events published biweekly; direct inquiries to USCodex@fsis.usda.gov
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Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR) recently held its 47th Session in Beijing, China, from April 13-18, 2015. The following summarizes some of the highlights from that Session.
Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs)
- 348 MRLs for 32 pesticides, including 7 new compounds, were advanced for final adoption by the CAC 38 (July 2015).
- The accelerated procedure, along with the criteria for decision-making, were used with great success and all of the MRLs were advanced using the accelerated 5/8 procedure.
- Reservations were made for 84 of these MRLs and therefore would not have been advanced if not for the concern form procedure.
- 48 of the 348 MRLs were for crop groups or subgroups.
- 5 MRLs for two pesticides were forwarded to Step 5
- 25 MRLs for five pesticides were returned to Step 7 while the JMPR awaits additional information.
- 19 MRLs for eight pesticides were returned to Step 4 for various reasons, for example, due to risk concerns raised by member countries or the need for more information on Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) that aligns with the GAP considered by JMPR.
- 84 CXLs (previously adopted MRLs) for 15 pesticides were recommended for revocation. These are typically CXLs being replaced based on review of additional data, uses no longer supported, or CXLs deemed by JMPR to have potential dietary intake concerns with no alternative GAP.
- 6 MRLs for four pesticides were withdrawn.
Methods of Analysis for the Determination Pesticide Residues
The Committee agreed to return the proposed draft Guidance to Step 2 and to re-establish the EWG to further revise the document for consideration by the next CCPR;
Nomination and Prioritization of Compounds to be Considered by the FAO/WHO Joint Meeting on Pesticide Residues (JMPR)
Nine new compound evaluations, 16 new use and other evaluations, and five existing compound re-evaluations are scheduled for review by JMPR in 2016. Two new compounds (pinoxaden and cyclaniliprole) and two re-evaluation compounds (chlormequat and fenpropimorph) were given reserve status.
Committee on Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Foods (CCRVDF) concluded today its 22nd Session in San José, Costa Rica. Below are some of the highlights from that Session.
Chair’s Discussion Paper Regarding the Issues and Concerns That Impact the Ability of the CCRVDF to Efficiently Perform Its Work: The Committee agreed to implement a discussion on this topic as an item on the CCRVDF agenda.
78th JECFA Recommendations
- Gentian violet: As no consensus could be reached on a text for the Risk Management Recommendations (RMR), the Committee agreed to circulate the two options for the RMR for comments at Step 3 and further consideration at its next session.
- Recombinant bovine somatotropins (rbST): The Committee took note of the JECFA report and agreed that JECFA had addressed all of the questions posed to it by the CAC. There were different opinions regarding the substance of the JECFA replies. While no agreements were reached, the above discussion is being forwarded for consideration by the CAC 38.
- Zilpaterol hydrochloride: An ADI was established by JECFA but data were insufficient to recommend MRLs. Further clarification on data needs have been provided to the sponsor and additional data received by the JECFA Secretariat and will be considered at JECFA81 (November 2015) with a view to complete the evaluation.
Proposed Draft Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs)
- Derquantel: The Committee agreed to advance the proposed draft MRL for adoption at Step 5/8.
- Emamectin benzoate: The Committee agreed to advance the proposed draft MRL for adoption at Step 5/8 and that the request on the possibility to extrapolate the MRLs to other types of fish.
- Ivermectin: Noting the request for re-evaluation, the Committee agreed to hold the MRL at Step 4 for consideration at a future session. This consideration would take into account any new JECFA recommendations.
- Lasalocid sodium: Noting the need to address the concerns of the European Union and Canada, the Committee agreed to hold the MRL at Step 4 for consideration at its next session based on the recommendations of the 81st JECFA.
- Monepantel: The Committee agreed to advance the proposed draft MRL for adoption at Step 5/8. The Committee noted the reservation of the Delegation of the European Union and Norway for the reason stated above.
Proposed Draft Risk Management Recommendations (RMRs)
- The Committee agreed to advance the proposed draft RMR for dimitridazole, ipronidazole, metronidazole and ronidazole for adoption at Step 5/8.
- The Delegations of Australia, Brazil, New Zealand and United States of America, while recognizing the importance of JECFA’s review and its conclusions, expressed their reservation on the inclusion of the last sentence in the RMR because in their view it poorly communicated risk management advice to competent authorities and there should be a clear distinction between the role of Codex and the role of national competent authorities as risk managers.
Draft Provisions on Establishment of MRLS for Honey
- The Committee agreed to leave the current text unaltered of the Risk Analysis Principles Applied by the CCRVDF in the Codex Procedural Manual.
The Committee agreed to establish the following eWGs
- Rating System led by France, working in English only, to prepare a discussion paper exploring the feasibility of adopting a rating system to establish priorities for the work of the Committee.
- Residue Carryover led by United Stated and co-chaired by Canada, working in English only, to prepare a discussion paper for consideration by CCRVDF23 addressing the unintended presence of residues of veterinary drugs in food commodities resulting from carryover of veterinary drugs into feed.
- Database on Countries’ Need for MRLS co-chaired by the United States of America and Costa Rica, open to all members and observers and working in English and Spanish, to implement a full global survey.
Electronic Working Groups (eWGs)
Committee on Methods of Analysis and Sampling (CCMAS) invites Members and Observers to join an eWG, chaired by Chile and co-chaired by France, open to all Members and observers and working in English only, to prepare a discussion paper on the development of criteria for endorsement of biological methods used to detect chemicals of concern. The specific terms of reference are:
- Classify biological methods according to the nature, principles, characteristics, etc.
- Identify for which classes of the methods the criteria approach applies; and
- Recommend criteria to endorse each class of biological methods.
For the purpose of this working group biological methods are considered to be those methods of analysis which use whole or parts of organisms as analytical indicators excluding PCR, enzymatic and ELISA methods. This work will also exclude the methods used for food hygiene assessment under the CCFH mandate.
Individuals in the United States interested in participating should provide their name, official title, and e-mail address to the U.S. Codex Office (USCodex@fsis.usda.gov) by May 18, 015. Individuals in other Member countries and organizations interested in participating should forward their information to Mrs Soraya Sandoval (firstname.lastname@example.org) and copied to Mr Jean-Luc Deborde (email@example.com) by May 20, 2015.