Requirements for State Programs
States are key FSIS partners. Formal working relationships are reflected in Cooperative Agreements between FSIS and affected State agencies.
State Meat and Poultry Inspection (MPI) Programs are an integral part of the nation's food safety system. About 1,900 meat and poultry establishments are inspected under State MPI programs. All of these establishments are small or very small. State MPI programs are characterized as providing more personalized guidance to establishments in developing their food safety oriented operations. FSIS provides approximately $50 million dollars annually to support the 27 State MPI programs currently operating.
State MPI programs operate under a cooperative agreement with FSIS. Under the agreement, a State's program must enforce requirements "at least equal to" those imposed under the Federal Meat Inspection Act and the Poultry Products Inspection Act. In States with inspection programs, establishments have the option to apply for Federal or State inspection. However, product produced under State inspection is limited to intrastate commerce. FSIS provides up to 50% of the State's operating funds, as well as training and other assistance. FSIS provides guidance to state MPI programs under these agreements.