dark overlay
nav button USDA Logo

FSIS

Web Content Viewer (JSR 286)

Actions
Loading...

Web Content Viewer (JSR 286)

Actions
Loading...

Web Content Viewer (JSR 286)

Actions
Loading...

Web Content Viewer (JSR 286)

Actions
Loading...

Web Content Viewer (JSR 286)

Actions
Loading...

First and Second Quarter Results for Serotyping of Salmonellae from Meat and Poultry Products: January–June 2006

All tables and figures are available as an attachment to this document (PDF Only).

Background

The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) issued the Pathogen Reduction; Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (PR/HACCP) Systems, Final Rule on July 25, 1996: Federal Register, Vol. 61, No. 144, pp. 38805-38989 (http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/rdad/FRPubs/93-016F.pdf, PDF Only). The PR/HACCP rule sets Salmonella performance standards for establishments slaughtering selected classes of food animals or producing selected classes of raw ground products to verify that industry systems are effective in controlling the contamination of raw meat and poultry products with disease-causing bacteria.

In February 2006, FSIS announced, in the Federal Register, Vol. 71, No. 38, pp. 9772-9777, (http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Frame/FrameRedirect.asp?main=http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPPDE/rdad/FRPubs/04-026N.htm) that quarterly results from Salmonella verification testing would be posted and that the Agency would be providing individual test results to establishments before completion of a set. The Agency began publishing quarterly reports of Salmonella results (http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Science/Q1_2006_Salmonella_Testing/index.asp ; http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Science/Q2_2006_Salmonella_Testing/index.asp) in 2006 and began a procedure to notify establishments of individual results (http://www.fsis.usda.gov/ OPPDE/rdad/FSISNotices/36-06.pdf; PDF Only) on June 29, 2006. Additionally, with this report, the Agency will begin the quarterly reporting of Salmonella serotype data as such data provides an opportunity to examine, still further, the association among salmonellae isolated on-farm, from meat and poultry products, and from human cases of salmonellosis. The Agency recognizes that serotyping information alone does not provide definitive associations.

As in the Agency's quarterly Salmonella report, data are reported in two formats: Tables 1-7 show the top ten serotypes observed for each product class from "A" set samples for the first quarter of 2006; Tables 8-15 show the top ten serotypes observed in each product class from "A" set samples for the 2nd quarter of 2006; Figures 1-6 show quarterly, by product class, data for 2005-2006 for the top five serotypes associated with human illness in 2005 (http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5514a2.htm). Because Salmonella verification testing is conducted to establish regulatory compliance (http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Science/Scheduling_Criteria_Salmonella_Sets/index.asp), and not to establish prevalence, as are the Agency's baseline testing programs, data reported here are not intended to be reflective of national trends in prevalence. For further information on serotyping of isolates derived from Salmonella verification testing, please see the Agency's 1998-2005 report (http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Science/Serotypes_Profile_Salmonella_Isolates/index.asp).

Results

  • Serotypes are reported by product class and by quarter based on the date of sample collection from January through March (1st Quarter) and April through June (2nd Quarter) 2006. The number of isolates of each serotype, the percent of isolates out of total positive, and the percent of isolates of total samples collected are displayed in Tables 1-7 (1st Quarter) and Tables 8-15 (2nd Quarter). In the 2nd quarter of 2006, turkey carcass samples were officially collected for the first time. These results are reported in Table 15.

  • The ten most commonly isolated serotypes for each product class during each quarter are identified by name, while less commonly identified serotypes are included in the "other serotypes" category. Where there is more than one serotype in tenth place, all serotypes in tenth place are listed.

  • Included in the tables are entries classified as "unidentified", isolates for which a single specific serotype could not be determined.

  • The figures display the percent of isolates identified out of total isolates serotyped for each product class by quarter for 2005 and for the first two quarters of 2006. The y-axis, representing the serotype percentage varies from graph to graph because the level of different serotypes by commodity varies greatly and year to year variations in percentages are difficult to discern on one scale of high value. Because turkey carcass testing began in the 2nd quarter of 2006 and no data exists for 2005, turkey carcass results are not included in the figures.

Tables

All tables and figures are available as an attachment to this document (PDF Only).

For More Information:

  • Media: (202) 720-9113
  • Congressional: (202) 720-3897
  • Constituent: (202) 720-9113
  • Consumer Inquiries: Consumers with food safety questions can "Ask Karen," the FSIS virtual representative available 24 hours a day at www.askkaren.gov. The toll-free USDA Meat and Poultry Hotline 1-888-MPHotline (1-888-674-6854) is available in English and Spanish and can be reached from l0 a.m. to 4 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday. Recorded food safety messages are available 24 hours a day.
  • Technical Inquiries: Division Director, Zoonotic Diseases and Residue Surveillance Division, Office of Public Health Science, (202) 690-6566.
Last Modified Oct 31, 2013