FSIS Data Analysis and Reporting: Public Health Regulations
FSIS uses decision criteria to prioritize its Food Safety Assessments (FSAs). FSAs are in-depth evaluations of an establishment's food safety system. FSAs can be routine, or for cause. The decision criteria include factors such as pathogen testing results, recalls, outbreaks, regulatory findings, and inspection results. These criteria are described in detail in FSIS' Public Health Decision Criteria Report (PDF Only).
FSIS has revised one of those decision criteria to take advantage of new data collected through PHIS. The criterion formerly referred to as W3NRs was based on PBIS inspection findings and was temporarily suspended with the implementation of PHIS. In January, 2013, FSIS submitted to the National Advisory Committee on Meat and Poultry Inspection (NACMPI) its plans to implement an updated version of the W3NRs, now called the Public Health Regulations (PHRs). The proposal, a supporting report and NACMPI recommendations can be found on the NACMPI web pages.
FSIS is implementing the PHR criterion starting with the May, 2013 cycle of FSA scheduling. In addition, FSIS will be reviewing the list annually, as recommended by NACMPI, and making updates as needed. Updates would be announced around July 1 each year with a targeted implementation month of October. The PHR list used for May 2013 through October 2013 will be referred to as the Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 PHR List. The FY 2013 PHR List has 33 regulations.
Update (July 12, 2013): FSIS will use this list through September 30, 2014.
Public Health Regulations List, Fiscal Years 2013-2014
|301.2_Adulterated||The term adulterated applies to any carcass, part thereof, meat or meat food product under one or more of a number of circumstances (See 9 CFR).|
|310.22(e)(1)||Establishments that slaughter cattle or process the carcasses or parts of cattle must develop, implement, and maintain written procedures for the removal, segregation, and disposition of specified risk materials.|
|310.22(e)(3)||Establishments that slaughter cattle or process the carcasses or parts of cattle must routinely evaluate the effectiveness of their procedures for the removal, segregation, and disposition of specified risk materials in preventing the use of these materials for human food and must revise the procedures whenever any changes occur that could affect the removal, segregation, and disposition of specified risk materials.|
|310.22(f)(2)||Use of routine operational sanitation procedures on equipment used to cut through SRMs if processing cattle under 30 months before cattle 30+ months|
|381.1_Adulterated||The term adulterated applies to any poultry product under one or more of a number of circumstances (See 9 CFR).|
|381.144(a)||Packaging materials not to be composed of any poisonous or deleterious substance|
|381.65(a)||Operations must adhere strictly to clean and sanitary practices; products must not be adulterated.|
|381.65(e)||Zero-tolerance for visible fecal material entering chiller|
|381.83||Septicemia or toxemia|
|381.91(a)||Certain contaminated carcasses to be condemned|
|381.91(b)||Reprocessing of carcasses contaminated with digestive tract contents must be under the supervision of an inspector and thereafter found not to be adulterated.|
|416.1||Operate in a manner to prevent insanitary conditions to ensure product is not adulterated.|
|416.15(a)||Appropriate corrective actions|
|416.15(b)||Procedures for corrective action|
|416.14||Evaluate effectiveness of SSOPs and maintain plan.|
|416.16(a)||Maintain daily records documenting the implementation and monitoring of SSOP and corrective actions taken.|
|416.3(b)||Constructed, located and operated in a manner that does not deter inspection to determine sanitary condition.|
|416.4(d)||Product processing, handling, storage, loading, unloading, and during transportation must be protected.|
|416.6||Any room, compartment, equipment or utensil found insanitary or could create adulterated product must be marked with a US Rejected tag and cannot be used until made acceptable. Only FSIS program employee may remove "U.S. Rejected" tag.|
|417.2(c)(4)||List of procedures and frequency must be in the HACCP plan.|
|417.3(a)(1)||Identify and eliminate the cause.|
|417.3(a)(2)||CCP is under control.|
|417.3(a)(3)||Establish measures to prevent recurrence.|
|417.3(a)(4)||No adulterated product enters commerce.|
|417.3(b)(1)||Segregate and hold the affected product.|
|417.3(b)(3)||No adulterated product enters commerce.|
|417.3(c)||Document corrective actions.|
|417.4(a)||Adequacy of HACCP in controlling food safety hazards|
|417.4(a)(3)||Reassessment, at least annually or when necessary|
|417.4(b)||Reassessment of hazard analysis|
|417.5(a)(1)||Establishment shall maintain a written hazard analysis.|
|417.5(a)(3)||Records documentation and monitoring of CCPs and Critical Limits as prescribed in the HACCP plan|
Compliance by establishments with these regulations will be evaluated and compared to cut points that have been set for three broad categories of establishment operations: Slaughter, Processing and Combination. The cut points are listed below.
Cut Points, Fiscal Years 2013-2014
|Operation Type||FY13 Cut Point|