The white nearly tasteless solid rendered fat of cattle and sheep used chiefly in soap, candles, and lubricants.
The messenger, developed by FSIS, of a national consumer education campaign designed to promote the use of food thermometers.
Tolerance, pesticide residue
The amount of pesticide residue allowed by regulation to remain in or on a food sold in interstate commerce. Whenever a pesticide is registered for use on a food or a feed crop, a tolerance (or exemption from the tolerance requirement) must be established. The Environmental Protection Agency establishes the tolerance levels, which are enforced by the Food and Drug Administration and verified by USDA.
Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
P.L. 94-469 (October 11, 1976) authorizes the Environmental Protection Agency to regulate toxic substances (any chemical that may present a risk of unreasonable harm to man or the environment). By definition, however, the Act excludes from EPA regulation under TSCA certain substances, including pesticides (as defined by and regulated under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act), tobacco or tobacco products, and any food or food additive (as defined by and regulated under the Poultry Products Inspection Act, the Federal Meat Inspection Act, the Egg Products Inspection Act, or the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act).
A poisonous substance that may be found in food.
Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE)
A family of diseases sharing some common characteristics, including a prolonged incubation period ranging from a few months to years and progressively debilitating neurological illnesses, which are always fatal. Examples of other TSEs include scrapie (sheep and goats), chronic wasting disease (deer and elk), feline spongiform encephalopathy (cats), kuru (humans), Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (humans), and variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (humans).
A World Trade Organization principle stipulating that a countrys policies and regulations affecting foreign trade should be clearly communicated to its trading partners. For example, out of recognition that sanitary and phytosanitary measures may (sometimes deliberately) be unclear, arbitrary, or capricious, recent international trading agreements have provisions calling on countries to notify others, in advance, about any measures that could affect trade, to explain them fully, and to provide a means for commenting on them.