Mad Cow Disease
The common term used for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE).
A firm's removal or correction by its own volition of a distributed product that involves a minor infraction that would not warrant legal action by FSIS, or that involves no violation of the FMIA or the PPIA, or no health hazard.
To steep food in a marinade.
A savory acidic sauce in which a food is soaked to enrich its flavor or to tenderize it. Marinade consists of a cooking oil, an acid (vinegar, lemon juice, wine), and spices. As the food stands in the mixture, the acid and the oil impart the savory flavors of the spices to the food. The acid also has a tenderizing action.
Mechanically deboned meat.
The flesh of animals used as food including the dressed flesh of cattle, swine, sheep, or goats and other edible animals, except fish, poultry, and wild game animals.
A granular, paste-like product which is shelf-stable primarily because of its high salt content (30-40%).
- Beef Base - 15% beef or 10.5% cooked beef.
- Pork Base - 15% pork or 10.5% cooked pork.
- Ham Base - 18% ham.
Any person engaged in the business of buying or selling carcasses, parts of carcasses, meat or meat food products of livestock on commission, or otherwise negotiating purchases or sales of such articles other than for his/her own account or as an employee of another person.
Any part capable of use as human food, other than meat, which has been derived from one or more cattle, sheep, swine, or goats. This term, as applied to products of equines, shall have a meaning comparable to that provided in this paragraph with respect to cattle, sheep, swine, and goats.
Mechanically Separated Poultry
Mechanically separated poultry (i.e., chicken, turkey) is a paste-like and batter-like product produced by forcing the bones and attached edible tissue through a sieve or similar device to separate the bone from the edible poultry tissue. This product is intended for use in the formulation of other poultry products. During this process, it is possible for bones to be crushed or pulverized, resulting in a limited amount of bone particles. Because it may contain some bone particles, any product that has been produced using the mechanical separation process cannot, by definition, be labeled as poultry. Instead, it must be labeled appropriately as mechanically separated chicken (or turkey) on the product's label. Mechanically separated chicken and turkey are used in products such as chicken and turkey franks, bologna, nuggets, and patties.
Mechanically Separated (Species)
Mechanically separated meat (i.e., beef, veal, pork, lamb)
also known as mechanically separated (species) or MS(S)
is a paste-like and batter-like product produced by forcing the bones and attached edible tissue through a sieve or similar device to separate the bone from the edible meat tissue. This product is intended for use in the formulation of other meat products. During this process, it is possible for bones to be crushed or pulverized, resulting in a limited amount of bone particles. Because it may contain some bone particles, any product that has been produced using the mechanical separation process cannot, by definition, be labeled as meat. Instead, it must be labeled appropriately as mechanically separated beef (or other species). The manufacture and sale of mechanically separated beef, veal, pork, or lamb in the United States is not common, but a small amount is exported.
Memorandum of Agreement (MOA)
An agreement between federal agencies, or divisions/units within an agency or department, or between federal and state agencies, which delineate tasks, jurisdiction, standard operating procedures or other matters which the agencies or units are duly authorized and directed to conduct. Sometimes referred to as a memorandum of understanding (MOU).
A form of life that can be seen only with a microscope; including bacteria, viruses, yeast, and single-celled animals.
Transfer of a component of a packaging material into the product contained, or loss of a component of the product into the packaging material.
This term applies to any carcass, part thereof, meat or meat food product under one or more of the following circumstances: 1) If its labeling is false or misleading in any particular; 2) If it is offered for sale under the name of another food; 3) If it is an imitation of another food, unless its label bears, in type of uniform size and prominence, the word imitation and immediately thereafter, the name of the food imitated; 4) If its container is so made, formed, or filled as to be misleading; 5) If in a package or other container unless it bears a label showing: a.) the name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor; and b.) an accurate statement of the quantity of the contents in terms of weight, measure, or numerical count; except as otherwise provided.
Modified Atmosphere Packaging (MAP)
Packaging method in which a combination of gases such as oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen is introduced into the package at the time of closure. The purpose is to extend shelf life of the product packaged.
Modified Food Starch
Starch that has been chemically altered to improve its thickening properties. Before the starch is modified, it is separated from the protein through isolation techniques; therefore, the source of the starch used is not required on the label.
Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)
MSG is a flavor enhancer. It comes from a common amino acid, glutamic acid, and must be declared as monosodium glutamate on meat and poultry labels.
Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), the same as a memorandum of agreement (MOA).
Meat from sheep more than one year old.