[Federal Register: May 26, 1999 (Volume 64, Number 101)]

[Notices]               

[Page 28428-28447]

From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]

[DOCID:fr26my99-37]



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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE



Food Safety and Inspection Service

[Docket No. 99-013N]



 

International Standard-Setting Activities



AGENCY: Food Safety and Inspection Service, USDA.



ACTION: Notice.



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SUMMARY: This notice informs the public of the sanitary and 

phytosanitary standard-setting activities of the Codex Alimentarius 

Commission (Codex), in accordance with section 491 of the Trade 

Agreements Act of 1979, as amended, and the Uruguay Round Agreements 

Act, Pub. L. 103-465, 108 Stat. 4809. It also provides a list of other 

standard-setting activities of Codex, including commodity standards, 

guidelines, codes of practice, and revised texts. This notice, which 

covers the time periods from June 1, 1998, to May 31, 1999, and June 1, 

1999, to May 31, 2000, seeks comments on standards currently under 

consideration and recommendations for new standards.



ADDRESSES: Submit any written comments to: FSIS Docket Clerk, U.S. 

Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service, Room 

102, Cotton Annex, Washington, DC 20250-3700. Please state that your 

comments refer to Codex and, if your comments relate to specific Codex 

committees, please identify those committees in your comments and 

submit a copy of your comments to the delegate from that particular 

committee. All comments submitted will be available for public 

inspection in the Docket Clerk's Office between 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 

p.m., Monday through Friday.



FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: F. Edward Scarbrough, Ph.D., United 

States Manager for Codex Alimentarius, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 

Office of the Undersecretary for Food Safety, Room 4861, South 

Agriculture Building, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 

20250-3700; (202) 205-7760. For information pertaining to particular 

committees, the delegate of that committee may be contacted. (A 

complete list of U.S. delegates and alternate delegates can be found in 

Attachment 2 to this notice.)



SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:



Background



    The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established on January 1, 

1995, as the common international institutional framework for the 

conduct of trade relations among its members in matters related to the 

Uruguay Round Trade Agreements. The WTO is the successor organization 

to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). U.S. membership 

in the WTO was approved and the Uruguay Round Agreements Act was signed 

into law by the President on December 8, 1994. The Uruguay Round 

Agreements became effective, with respect to the United States, on 

January 1, 1995. Pursuant to section 491 of the Trade Agreements Act of 

1979, as amended, the President is required to designate an agency to 

be responsible for informing the public of the sanitary and 

phytosanitary (SPS) standard-setting activities of each international 

standard-setting organization, Codex, International Office of 

Epizootics, and the International Plant Protection Convention. The 

President, pursuant to Proclamation No. 6780 of March 23, 1995 (60 FR 

15845), designated the U.S. Department of Agriculture as the agency 

responsible for informing the public of sanitary and phytosanitary 

standard-setting activities of each international standard-setting 

organization. The Secretary of Agriculture has delegated to the 

Administrator, Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), the 

responsibility to inform the public of the SPS standard-setting 

activities of Codex. The FSIS Administrator has, in turn, assigned the 

responsibility for informing the public of the SPS standard-setting 

activities of Codex to



[[Page 28429]]



the Office of U.S. Codex Alimentarius, FSIS.

    Codex was created in 1962 by two U.N. organizations, the Food and 

Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). 

Codex is the principal international organization for encouraging fair 

international trade in food and protecting the health and economic 

interests of consumers. Through adoption of food standards, codes of 

practice, and other guidelines developed by its committees and by 

promoting their adoption and implementation by governments, Codex seeks 

to ensure that the world's food supply is sound, wholesome, free from 

adulteration, and correctly labeled. In the United States, the United 

States Department of Agriculture (USDA); the Food and Drug 

Administration (FDA), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), 

and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) manage and carry out U.S. 

Codex activities.

    As the agency responsible for informing the public of the sanitary 

and phytosanitary standard-setting activities of Codex, FSIS publishes 

this notice in the Federal Register annually. Attachment 1 (Sanitary 

and Phytosanitary Activities of Codex) sets forth the following 

information:

    1. The sanitary or phytosanitary standards under consideration or 

planned for consideration; and

    2. For each sanitary or phytosanitary standard specified:

    a. A description of the consideration or planned consideration of 

the standard;

    b. Whether the United States is participating or plans to 

participate in the consideration of the standard;

    c. The agenda for United States participation, if any; and

    d. The agency responsible for representing the United States with 

respect to the standard.



To Obtain Copies of those Standards Listed in Attachment 1 that are 

Under Consideration by Codex, Please Contact the Codex Delegate or the 

Office of U.S. Codex Alimentarius



    This notice also solicits public comment on those standards that 

are under consideration and on recommendations for new standards. The 

delegate, in conjunction with the responsible agency, will take the 

comments received into account in participating in the consideration of 

the standards and in proposing matters to be considered by Codex.

    The United States' delegate will facilitate public participation in 

the United States Government's activities relating to Codex 

Alimentarius. The United States' delegate will maintain a list of 

individuals, groups, and organizations that have expressed an interest 

in the activities of the Codex committees and will disseminate 

information regarding United States' delegation activities to 

interested parties. This information will include the current status of 

each agenda item; the United States Government's position or 

preliminary position on the agenda items; and the time and place of 

planning meetings and debriefing meetings following Codex committee 

sessions. Please notify the appropriate U.S. delegate or the Office of 

U.S. Codex Alimentarius, Room 4861, South Agriculture Building, 1400 

Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-3700, if you would like 

to receive information about specific committees.

    The information provided in Attachment 1 describes the status of 

Codex standard-setting activities by the Codex Committees for the time 

periods from June 1, 1998 to May 31, 1999, and June 1, 1999 to May 31, 

2000. In addition, the following attachments are included:



Attachment 2  List of U.S. Codex Officials (includes U.S. delegates and 

alternate delegates).

Attachment 3  Timetable of Codex Sessions (June 1998 through May 2000)

Attachment 4  Definitions for the Purpose of Codex Alimentarius

Attachment 5  Part 1-Uniform Procedure for the Elaboration of Codex 

Standards and Related Texts Part 2-Uniform Accelerated Procedure for 

the Elaboration of Codex Standards and Related Texts

Attachment 6  Nature of Codex Standards



    Done at Washington, DC on: May 20, 1999.

F. Edward Scarbrough,

United States Manager for Codex Alimentarius.



Attachment 1: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Activities of Codex



Codex Alimentarius Commission and Executive Committee



    The Codex Alimentarius Commission will hold its Twenty-third 

Session June 28-July 3, 1999 in Rome, Italy. At that time it will 

consider the standards, codes of practice, and related matters brought 

to its attention by the general subject committees, commodity 

committees, and member delegations.

    Prior to the Commission meeting, the Executive Committee met in 

June 1998 and will meet June 24-25, 1999. It is composed of the 

chairperson, vice-chairpersons and six members elected from the 

Commission, one from each of the following geographic regions: Africa, 

Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, North America, and 

South-West Pacific. At its session in June 1999, it will consider the 

following items:

    <bullet> Report of the financial situation of the Joint FAO/WHO 

Food Standards Programme for 1998/99 and 2000/01;

    <bullet> Principles of Risk Analysis;

    <bullet> Matters Arising from Reports of Codex Committees;

    <bullet> Designation of Host Governments for Codex Committees and 

ad hoc Intergovernmental Task Forces;

    <bullet> Review of Criteria for New Work and Guidelines for the 

Establishment of ``Inclusive'' Standards; and

    <bullet> Provision of Documentation, Translation and Interpretation 

Services for Codex Committees.



Responsible Agency: USDA/FSIS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Foods



    The Codex Committee on Residues of Veterinary Drugs determines 

priorities for the consideration of residues of veterinary drugs in 

foods and recommends Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) for veterinary 

drugs. A Codex Maximum Limit for Residues of Veterinary Drugs (MRLVD) 

is the maximum concentration of residue resulting from the use of a 

veterinary drug (expressed in mg/kg or ug/kg on a fresh weight basis) 

that is recommended by the Codex Alimentarius Commission to be 

permitted or recognized as acceptable in or on a food.

    An MRLVD is based on the type and amount of residue considered to 

be without any toxicological hazard for human health as expressed by 

the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI)*, or on the basis of a temporary ADI 

that utilizes an additional safety factor. An MRLVD also takes into 

account other relevant public health risks as well as food 

technological aspects.

    When establishing an MRLVD, consideration is also given to residues 

that occur in food of plant origin and/or the environment. Furthermore, 

the MRLVD may be reduced to be consistent with good practices in the 

use of veterinary drugs and to the extent that practical analytical 

methods are available.

    <bullet> Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI): An estimate by the Joint 

FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) of the amount of a 

veterinary drug, expressed on a body weight basis, that can be ingested 

daily over a lifetime without appreciable health risk (standard man = 

60 kg).



[[Page 28430]]



    The following matters, contained in ALINORM 99/31, will be 

considered by the Codex Alimentarius Commission at its 23rd Session:

    To be considered at Step 8:



Alpha-Cypermethrin/Cypermethrin

Azaperone

Bovine Somatatropins

Cetiofur

Diclazuril

Dihydrostreptomycin/Streptomycin

Febantel/Febendazole/Oxyfendazole

Neomycin

Spectinomycin

Tilmicosin



    To be considered at Step 5/8:



Febantel/Febendazole/Oxyfendazole

Fluazuron

Nicarbazin

Benzylpenicillin/Procaine Benzylpenicillin

Spectinomicin

Moxidectin



    To be considered at Step 5:



Chlorotetracyline/Oxytetracycline/Tetracycline

Cyfluthrin

Danofloxacin

Eprinomectin

Flumequine

Imidocarb

Sarafloxicin



Priority List of Veterinary Drugs Requiring Evaluation or Reevaluation

    <bullet> Replacement of Codex MRLs for Benzylpenicillin with MRLs 

for Benzylpenicillin/Procaine Benzylpenicillin

    The Committee is continuing work on:

    <bullet> Draft Maximum Residue Limits for Veterinary Drugs;

    <bullet> Risk Analysis in the Codex Committee on Residues of 

Veterinary Drugs in Foods;

    <bullet> Guidelines on Residues at Injection Sites;

    <bullet> Guidelines on the Control of Veterinary Drug Residues in 

Milk and Milk Products;

    <bullet> Draft Code of Practice for Good Animal Feeding; and

    <bullet> Methods of Analysis and Sampling Issues.



Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA; USDA/FSIS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Food Additives and Contaminants



Codex Committee on Food Additives and Contaminants



    The Codex Committee on Food Additives and Contaminants (CCFAC) (a) 

establishes or endorses permitted maximum or guideline levels for 

individual food additives, contaminants, and naturally occurring 

toxicants in food and animal feed; (b) prepares priority lists of food 

additives and contaminants for toxicological evaluation by the Joint 

FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA); (c) recommends 

specifications of identity and purity for food additives for adoption 

by the Commission; (d) considers methods of analysis for food additives 

and contaminants; and (e) considers and elaborates standards and codes 

for related subjects such as labeling of food additives when sold as 

such and food irradiation. The 31st Session of the CCFAC met March 22-

26, 1999, in The Hague, The Netherlands. The plenary of the 32nd 

Session of the CCFAC is tentatively scheduled for March 20-24, 2000, in 

Beijing, the People's Republic of China. The following matters 

contained in ALINORMs 99/12 and 99/12A are under consideration by the 

CCFAC.



Risk Analysis



    The Discussion Paper entitled ``Application of Risk Analysis 

Principles to the Work of the Codex Committee on Food Additives and 

Contaminants (CCFAC) and the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food 

Additives (JECFA)'' will be forwarded to the 53rd JECFA for comment. In 

response to the discussion by the 31st CCFAC and the recommendations of 

the JECFA, the Discussion Paper will be revised by the U.S. and 

circulated for comment and further discussion by the 32nd CCFAC (2000).



Food Additives



    <bullet> Annex A (Guidelines for the Estimation of Appropriate 

Levels of Use of Food Additives) to the Preamble of the General 

Standard for Food Additives (GSFA) was forwarded to the CAC for 

adoption at Step 5. Table 1 of the GSFA (Additives Permitted for Use 

Under Specified Conditions in Certain Food Categories or Individual 

Food Items) was forwarded to CAC with recommendation for adoption of 

specific provisions at Step 8 or maintaining specific provisions at 

Step 6; (see Table 1, below). The 31st CCFAC also proposed draft 

revisions to the Preamble of the GSFA at Step 3 of Codex's uniform 

accelerated procedure.

    <bullet> The 31st CCFAC agreed to reestablish the ad hoc working 

group on the GSFA for its 32nd Session under the chairmanship of the 

U.S. This ad hoc working group is expected to meet prior to the plenary 

session of the 32nd CCFAC.

    <bullet> A discussion paper on the use of colors in foods will be 

revised for further discussion by the 32nd CCFAC.

Food Additive Specifications

    <bullet> Specifications for the following food additives are 

recommended by the CCFAC for adoption by the Twenty-third Session of 

the Codex Commission: acetone, agar, alginic acid, aluminium powder, 

ammonium alginate, calcium alginate, calcium gluconate, calcium 

propionate, calcium sorbate, canthaxanthin, carbon dioxide, carnauba 

wax, carthamus red, carthamus yellow, diacetyltartaric and fatty acid 

esters of glycerol, dichloromethane, ethyl hydroxyethyl cellulose, 

ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate, gellan gum, glucono delta-lactone, hexanes, 4-

hexylresorcinol, hydrogenated poly-1-decene, isoamyl acetate, 

isobutanol, maltitol syrup, methyl p-hydroxybenzoate, microcrystalline 

wax, mineral oil (medium and low viscosity), mixed carotenoids, 

modified starches, petroleum jelly, polydextrose, polyglycitol syrup, 

potassium alginate, potassium gluconate, potassium propionate, 

potassium sorbate, propane-2-ol, propionic acid, propyl p-

hydroxybenzoate, propylene glycol, propylene glycol alginate, propylene 

glycol esters of fatty acids, salatrim, sodium alginate, sodium 

carboxymethyl cellulose enzymatically hydrolyzed, sodium gluconate, 

sucroglycerides, sulfur dioxide, and tertiary-butylhydroquinone.

    <bullet> Specifications for the following flavoring agents are 

recommended by the CCFAC for adoption by the Twenty-third Session of 

the Codex Commission, numbers in parentheses are the Joint FAO/WHO 

Expert Committee on Food Additives' (JECFA) flavor identification 

numbers: allyl cyclohexane propionate (13), ethyl octanoate (33), ethyl 

nonanoate (34), isoamyl acetate (43), isoamyl butyrate (45), isoamyl 

isobutyrate (49), isoamyl isovalerate (50), citronellyl formate (53), 

geranyl formate (54), neryl formate (55), rhodinyl formate (56), 

citronellyl acetate (57), neryl acetate (59), rhodinyl acetate (60), 

citronellyl propionate (61), geranyl propionate (62), cis-3,7-dimethyl-

2,6-octadien-1-yl propanoate (63), citronellyl butyrate (65), geranyl 

butyrate (66), neryl butyrate (67), rhodinyl butyrate (68), citronellyl 

isobutyrate (71), neryl isobutyrate (73), neryl isovalerate (76), 

formic acid (79), acetaldehyde (80), acetic acid (81), propyl alcohol 

(82), propionaldehyde (83), propionic acid (84), butyl alcohol (85), 

butyraldehyde (86), butyric acid (87), amyl alcohol (88), valeraldehyde 

(89), valeric acid (90), hexyl alcohol (91), hexanal (92), hexanoic 

acid (93), heptyl alcohol (94), heptanal (95),



[[Page 28431]]



heptanoic acid (96), 1-octanol (97), octanal (98), octanoic acid (99), 

nonyl alcohol (100), nonanal (101), nonanoic acid (102), 1-decanol 

(103), decanal (104), decanoic acid (105), undecyl alcohol (106), 

undecanal (107), undecanoic acid (108), lauryl alcohol (109), lauric 

aldehyde (110), lauric acid (111), myristaldehyde (112), myristic acid 

(113), 1-hexadecanol (114), palmitic acid (115), stearic acid (116), 

propyl formate (117), butyl formate (118), n-amyl formate (119), hexyl 

formate (120), octyl formate (122), cis-3-hexenyl formate (123), methyl 

acetate (125), propyl acetate (126), butyl acetate (127), hexyl acetate 

(128), heptyl acetate (129), octyl acetate (130), nonyl acetate (131), 

decyl acetate (132), lauryl acetate (133), cis-3-hexenyl acetate (134), 

trans-3-heptenyl acetate (135), 10-undecen-1-yl acetate (136), isobutyl 

acetate (137), 2-methylbutyl acetate (138), acetone (139), methyl 

propionate (141), propyl propionate (142), butyl propionate (143), 

hexyl propionate (144), octyl propionate (145), decyl propionate (146), 

cis-3 and trans-2-hexenyl propionate (147), isobutyl propionate (148), 

methyl butyrate (149), propyl butyrate (150), butyl butyrate (151), n-

amyl butyrate (152), hexyl butyrate (153), cis-3-hexenyl butyrate 

(157), isobutyl butyrate (158), methyl valerate (159), butyl valerate 

(160), propyl hexanoate (161), butyl hexanoate (162), n-amyl hexanoate 

(163), hexyl hexanoate (164), isobutyl hexanoate (166), methyl 

heptanoate (167), n-amyl heptanoate (170), methyl octanoate (173), n-

amyl octanoate (174), hexyl octanoate (175), methyl nonanoate (179), 

methyl laurate (180), butyl laurate (181), methyl myristate (183), 

methyl isobutyrate (185), ethyl isobutyrate (186), propyl isobutyrate 

(187), butyl isobutyrate (188), hexyl isobutyrate (189), heptyl 

isobutyrate (190), trans-3-heptenyl 2-methyl propanoate (191), octyl 

isobutyrate (192), dodecyl isobutyrate (193), isobutyl isobutyrate 

(194), methyl isovalerate (195), ethyl isovalerate (196), propyl 

isovalerate (197), butyl isovalerate (198), hexyl 3-methylbutanoate 

(199), octyl isovalerate (200), nonyl isovalerate (201), 3-hexenyl 3-

methylbutanoate (202), 2-methylpropyl 3-methylbutyrate (203), methyl 2-

methylbutyrate (205), ethyl 2-methylbutyrate (206), n-butyl 2-

methylbuytyrate (207), hexyl 2-methylbutanoate (208), octyl 2-

methylbutyrate (209), 2-methylbutyl 2-methylbutyrate (212), ethyl 2-

methyl pentanoate (214), methyl 4-methylvalerate (216), trans-anethole 

(217), citric acid (218), 4-hydroxybutyric acid lactone (gamma-

butyrolactone) (219), 4-hydroxy-3-pentenoic acid (220), 4-hydroxy-3-

pentenoic acid lactone (221), 5-ethyl-3-hydroxy-4-methyl-2(5H)-furanone 

(222), gamma-hexalactone (223), delta-hexalactone (224), gamma-

heptalactone (225), gamma-octalactone (226), 4,4-dibutyl-gamma-

butyrolactone (227), delta-octalactone (228), gamma-nonalactone (229), 

hydroxynonanoic acid, delta-lactone (230), gamma-decalactone (231), 

delta-decalactone (232), gamma-undecalactone (233), 5-hydroxyundecanoic 

acid lactone (234), gamma-dodecalactone (235), delta-Dodecalactone 

(236), 6-hydroxy-3,7-dimethylpctanoic acid lactone (237), delta-

tetradecalactone (238), omega-6-hexadecenlactone (240), epsilon-

dodecalactone (242), 4,5-dimethyl-3-hydroxy-2,5-dihydrofuran-2-one 

(243), 5-hydroxy-2,4-decadienoic acid delta-lactone (245), 5-hydroxy-2-

decenoic acid delta-lactone (246), gamma-methyldecalactone (250), 

isobutyl alcohol (251), isobutyraldehyde (252), isobutyric acid (253), 

2-methylbutyraldehyde (254), 2-methylbutyric acid (255), 2-

ethylbutyraldehyde (256), 2-ethylbutyric acid (257), 3-

methylbutyraldehyde (258), isovaleric acid (259), 2-methylvaleric acid 

(261), 3-methylpentanoic acid (262), 3-methyl-1-pentanol (263), 4-

methylpentanoic acid (264), 2-methylhexanoic acid (265), 5-

methylhexanoic acid (266), 2-ethyl-1-hexanoic acid (267), 3,5,5-

trimethyl-1-hexanol (268), 3,5,5-trimethylhexanal (269), 3,7-dimethyl-

1-octanol (272), 4-methylnonanoic acid (274), 2-methylundecanal (275), 

isopropyl alcohol (277), 2-butanone (278), 2-pentanone (279), 2-

pentanol (280), 3-hexanone (281), 3-hexanol (282), 2-heptanone (283), 

2-heptanol (284), 3-heptanone (285), 3-heptanol (286), 4-heptanone 

(287), 2-octanone (288), 2-octanol (289), 3-octanone (290), 3-octanol 

(291), 2-nonanone (292), 2-nonanol (293), 3-nonanone (294), 3-decanol 

(295), 2-undecanone (296), 2-undecanol (297), 2-tridecanone (298), 4-

methyl-2-pentanone (301) 2,6-dimethyl-4-heptanone (302), 2,6-dimethyl-

4-heptanol (303), isopropyl acetate (305), isopropyl butyrate (307), 

isopropyl isobutyrate (309), isopropyl isovalerate (310), isopropyl 

myristate (311), isopropyl tiglate (312), 3-octyl acetate (313), 4-

pentenoic acid (314), cis-3-hexen-1-ol (315), 4-hexen-1-ol (318), 4-

heptenal (320), cis-3-octen-1-ol (321), cis-5-octen-1-ol (322), cis-5-

otenal (323), cis-6-nonen-1-ol (324), cis-6-nonenal (325), 4-decenal 

(326), 9-decenoic acid (328), 10-undecenal (330), 10-undecenoic acid 

(331), linoleic acid (332), ethyl 3-hexenoate (335), cis-3-hexenyl cis-

3-hexenoate (336), ethyl 10-undecenoate (343), ethyl oleate (345), 

methyl linoleate and methyl linolenate (mix) (346), 2,6-dimethyl-5-

heptenal (349), ethyl 2-methyl-4-pentenoate (351), methyl 3, 7-

dimethyl-6-octenoate (354), linalool (356), tetrahydrolinalool (357), 

linalyl formate (358), linalyl acetate (359), linalyl propionate (360), 

linalyl butyrate (361), linalyl isobutyrate (362), linalyl isovalerate 

(363), linalyl hexanoate (364), alpha-terpineol (366), terpinyl acetate 

(368), terpinyl propionate (369), p-menthan-2-one (375), dihydrocarveol 

(378), dihydrocarvyl acetate (379), (+)carvone (380a), (-)carvone 

(380b), carveol (381), carvyl acetate (382), beta-damascone (384), 

alpha-damascone (385), delta-damascone (386), damascenone (387), alpha-

ionone (388), beta-ionone (389), alpha-ionol (391), dihydro-alpha-

ionone (393), dihydro-beta-ionol (395), dehydrodihydroionone (396), 

dehydrodihydroinol (397), methyl alpha-ionone (398), methyl beta-ionone 

(399), allyl alpha-ionone, (401), alpha-irone (403), alpha-iso-

methylionone (404), acetoin (405), 2,3-pentanedione (410), 2,3-

hexanedione (412), 3,4-hexanedione (413), 2,3-heptanedione (415), 

ethylcyclopentenolone (419), 3,4-dimethyl-1,2-cyclopentanedione (420), 

3-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methylcyclopent-2-en-1-one (422), 5-ethyl-2-

hydroxy-3-methylcyclopent-2-en-1-one (423), 1-metyl-2,3-cyclohexadione 

(425), 2-hydrox-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one (426), menthol 

(427), menthone (429), (<plus-minus>)isomenthone (430), menthyl acetate 

(431), menthyl isovalerate (432), (-)menthyl lactate (433), piperitone 

(435), gamma-lactone (437), 4-carvomenthenol (439), (-)menthol ethylene 

glycol carbonate (443), 

(-)menthol 1-and 2-propylene glycol carbonate (444), (-)menthone 1, 2-

glycerol ketal (445), (<plus-minus>)menthone 1,2-glycerol ketal 446), 

mono-menthyl succinate (447), 1-ethylhexyl tiglate 

(3-octyl tiglate) (448)

    <bullet> Specifications for the following food additives are 

recommended by the CCFAC for adoption by the Twenty-third Session of 

the CAC after changes considered editorial have been made: gum arabic 

and sodium propionate.

    <bullet> Specifications for the following flavoring agents are 

recommended by the CCFAC for adoption by the Twenty-third Session of 

the CAC after changes considered editorial have been made: geranyl 

acetate (58), and isobutyl formate (124).

    <bullet> The 31st CCFAC agreed to reestablish the ad hoc working 

group for food additive specifications for its 32nd Session under the 

chairmanship of the



[[Page 28432]]



U.S. This ad hoc working group is expected to meet prior to the plenary 

session of the 32nd CCFAC.



Contaminants



    <bullet> Methodology and Principles for Exposure Assessment in the 

Codex General Standard for Contaminants and Toxins in Food (paper to be 

revised for consideration by the 32nd CCFAC).

    <bullet> Maximum Levels and Sampling Plan for Aflatoxins in Raw 

Peanuts for further processing (forwarded to CAC for adoption at Step 

8). Maximum Level for aflatoxin M<INF>1</INF> in Milk (forwarded to CAC 

for adoption at Step 8).

    <bullet> Position Paper on Ochratoxin A (paper to be revised for 

consideration by the 32nd CCFAC). Draft Maximum Levels for Ochratoxin A 

in Cereals and Cereal Products to be circulated for comment and further 

consideration by the 32nd CCFAC at Step 3.

    <bullet> Position Paper on Patulin (paper to be revised for 

consideration by the 32nd CCFAC). Draft Maximum Level for Patulin in 

Apple Juice and the Apple Juice Ingredient in other Beverages was 

forwarded to the CAC for adoption at Step 5.

    <bullet> Position Paper on Zearalenone (Paper will be finalized and 

circulated for comment and consideration by the 32nd CCFAC.)

    <bullet> Draft Code of Practice for Source Directed Measures to 

Reduce Contamination of Foodstuffs (paper to be revised for 

consideration at Step 3 by the 32nd CCFAC).

    <bullet> Draft Maximum Levels for Lead (Revised levels to be 

circulated for comment and consideration at Step 6 by the 32nd CCFAC).

    <bullet> Discussion Paper on Cadmium (Paper to be revised and 

circulated for comment and consideration by the 32nd CCFAC). Draft 

Maximum Levels for Cadmium for Cereals, Pulses and Legumes to be 

circulated for comment at Step 6. (Proposed draft maximum levels for 

Cadmium in other foods to be circulated at Step 3).

    <bullet> Position Paper on Arsenic (Paper to be finalized and will 

form the basis of future work when routine methodology becomes 

available to determine toxic arsenic in food).

    <bullet> Maximum Levels for Tin in Canned Foods (Draft maximum 

levels for canned foods were forwarded to the CAC for adoption at Step 

5).

    <bullet> Discussion Paper on Dioxins (Paper to be revised for 

circulation and comment by the 32nd CCFAC).

    <bullet> Section 3.2 (Health Related Limits for Certain Substances) 

of the Codex Standard for Natural Mineral Waters. The 32nd CCFAC agreed 

that Section 3.2 of this Codex Standard should be aligned with the WHO 

Guideline levels for Drinking Water Quality and forwarded this 

recommendation to the CAC.

    <bullet> The 31st CCFAC agreed to reestablish the ad hoc working 

group for contaminants for its 32nd Session under the chairmanship of 

Denmark. This ad hoc working group is expected to meet prior to the 

plenary session of the 32nd CCFAC.



Future Work



    The CCFAC agreed to propose the following as future work for the 

Committee: (1) Revision of the Codex General Standard for Irradiated 

Foods (pending agreement by CAC); (2) discussion paper on processing 

aids; (3) discussion paper on fumonisins; (4) Code of Practice for the 

Prevention of Contamination by Zearalenone (pending agreement by CAC).



Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA

U.S. Participation: Yes



General Standard for Food Additives



    For the purposes of Codex, a food additive means any substance not 

normally consumed as a food by itself and not normally used as a 

typical ingredient in the food, whether or not it has nutritive value, 

the intentional addition of which to food for a technological 

(including organoleptic) purpose in the manufacture, processing, 

preparation, treatment, packing, packaging, transport, or holding of 

such food results, or may be reasonably expected to result (directly or 

indirectly), in it or its by-products becoming a component of or 

otherwise affecting the characteristics of such foods. The term food 

additive does not include ``contaminants'' or substances added to food 

for maintaining or improving nutritional qualities.

    The General Standard for Food Additives (GSFA) will set forth 

maximum levels of use of food additives in various foods and food 

categories. The maximum levels will be based on the food additive 

provisions of previously established Codex commodity standards, as well 

as on the use of the additives in non-standardized foods.

    Only those food additives for which an acceptable daily intake 

(ADI) has been established by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on 

Food Additives (JECFA) are included in the General Standard for Food 

Additives (GSFA) at this time. All of the additives that have been 

adopted by the CAC at Step 8 or are currently under consideration in 

the draft GFSA are listed below. (See ALINORM 99/12A and CX/FAC 99/6.)



Table 1



Acesulfame Potassium (Step 6)

Acetic Acid (Adopted at Step 8)

Acetic and Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol (Adopted at Step 8)

Acetylated Distarch Adipate (Adopted at Step 8)

Acetylated Distarch Phosphate (Adopted at Step 8)

Acid Treated Starch (Adopted at Step 8)

Adipic Acid (Step 6)

Agar (Adopted at Step 8)

Alginic Acid (Adopted at Step 8)

Alitame (Step 6)

Alkaline Treated Starch (Adopted at Step 8)

Allura Red AC (Step 6)

Alpha-Amylase (Aspergillus oryzae, var.) (Forwarded for adoption at 

Step 8)

Alpha-Amylase (Bacillus megaterium expressed in Bacillus subtilis) 

(Adopted at Step 8)

Alpha-Amylase (Bacillus stearothermophilus expressed in Bacillus 

subtilis) (Adopted at Step 8)

Alpha-Amylase (Bacillus stearothermophilus) (Adopted at Step 8)

Alpha-Amylase (Bacillus subtilis) (Adopted at Step 8)

Alpha-Tocopherol (Step 6)

Aluminium Ammonium Sulfate (Step 6)

Aluminium Silicate (Adopted at Step 8)

Amaranth (Step 6)

Ammonium Acetate (Adopted at Step 8)

Ammonium Adipate (Step 6)

Ammonium Alginate (Adopted at Step 8)

Ammonium Carbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Ammonium Chloride (Adopted at Step 8)

Ammonium Citrate (Adopted at Step 8)

Ammonium Hydrogen Carbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Ammonium Hydroxide (Adopted at Step 8)

Ammonium Lactate (Adopted at Step 8)

Ammonium Polyphosphate (Step 6)

Annatto Extracts (Includes Bixin and Norbixin) (Step 6)

Ascorbic Acid (Adopted at Step 8)

Ascorbyl Palmitate (Step 6)

Ascorbyl Stearate (Step 6)

Aspartame (Step 6)

Azodicarbonamide (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Azorubine (Step 6)

Beeswax, White and Yellow (Step 6)

Beet Red (Adopted at Step 8)

Benzoic Acid (Step 6)

Benzoyl Peroxide (Step 6)

Bleached Starch (Adopted at Step 8)

Bone Phosphate (Step 6)

Brilliant Black PN (Step 6)

Brilliant Blue FCF (Step 6)

Bromelain (Adopted at Step 8)



[[Page 28433]]



Brown HT (Step 6)

Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) (Step 6)

Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) (Step 6)

Calcium Acetate (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Alginate (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Aluminum Silicate (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Benzoate (Step 6)

Calcium Carbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Chloride (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Citrate (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Disodium Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetate (Step 6)

Calcium Ferrocyanide (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Calcium Gluconate (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Glutamate, Dl -L-, (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Guanylate, 5--(Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Hydrogen Sulfite (Step 6)

Calcium Hydroxide (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Inosinate, 5--(Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Lactate (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Malate, D,L--(Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Oxide (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Polyphosphate (Step 6)

Calcium Propionate (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Ribonucleotides, 5--(Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Silicate (Adopted at Step 8)

Calcium Sorbate (Step 6)

Calcium Stearoyl Lactylate (Step 6)

Calcium Sulfate (Adopted at Step 8)

Candelilla Wax (Step 6)

Canthaxanthin (Step 6)

Caramel Color, Class I (Adopted at Step 8)

Caramel Color, Class II (Adopted at Step 8)

Caramel Color, Class III--Ammonia Process (Forwarded for adoption at 

Step 8)

Caramel Color, Class IV--Ammonia Sulfite Process (Forwarded for 

adoption at Step 8)

Carbon Dioxide (Adopted at Step 8)

Carmines (Including aluminum & calcium lakes of carminic acid) (Step 6)

Carnauba Wax (Step 6)

Carob Bean Gum (Adopted at Step 8)

Beta-Apo-8'-Carotenoic Acid, Methyl or Ethyl Ester (Step 6)

Beta-Apo-8'-Carotenal (Step 6)

Beta-Carotene (Synthetic) (Step 6)

Carrageenan (Adopted at Step 8)

Carotenes, Natural Extracts, (Vegetable) (Step 6)

Castor Oil (Step 6)

Chlorine (Step 6)

Chlorine Dioxide (Step 6)

Chlorophyllin Copper Complex, Sodium and Potassium Salts (Step 6)

Chlorophylls (Adopted at Step 8)

Chlorophylls, Copper Complex (Step 6)

Choline Salts (Adopted at Step 8)

Citric Acid (Adopted at Step 8)

Citric and Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol (Adopted at Step 8)

Curcumin (Step 6)

Cyclamic Acid (and Sodium, Potassium, Calcium Salts) (Step 6)

Beta-Cyclodextrin (Step 6)

Dextrins, White and Yellow, Roasted Starch (Adopted at Step 8)

Diacetyltartaric and Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol (Step 6)

Diammonium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Dicalcium Diphosphate (Step 6)

Dicalcium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Dilauryl Thiodipropionate (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Dimagnesium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Dimethyl Dicarbonate (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Dioctyl Sodium Sulfosuccinate (Step 6)

Diphenyl (Step 6)

Dipotassium Guanylate, 5' (Adopted at Step 8)

Dipotassium Inosinate, 5' (Adopted at Step 8)

Dipotassium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Dipotassium Tartrate (Step 6)

Disodium Diphosphate (Step 6)

Disodium Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetate (Step 6)

Disodium Guanylate, 5' (Adopted at Step 8)

Disodium Inosinate, 5' (Adopted at Step 8)

Disodium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Disodium Ribonucleotides, 5' (Step 6)

Disodium Tartrate (Step 6)

Distarch Phosphate (Adopted at Step 8)

Enzyme Treated Starch (Adopted at Step 8)

Erythorbic Acid (Adopted at Step 8)

Erythrosine (Step 6)

Ethyl Cellulose (Adopted at Step 8)

Ethyl p-Hydroxybenzoates (Step 6)

Ethyl Hydroxyethyl Cellulose (Adopted at Step 8)

Ethyl Maltol (Step 6)

Fast Green FCF (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Ferric Ammonium Citrate (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Ferrous Gluconate (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Ferrous Lactate (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Formic Acid (Step 6)

Fumaric Acid (Adopted at Step 8)

Gellan Gum (Adopted at Step 8)

Glucono Delta-Lactone (Adopted at Step 8)

Glucose Oxidase (Aspergillus niger, var.) (Adopted at Step 8)

Glutamic Acid, L- (Adopted at Step 8)

Glycerol (Adopted at Step 8)

Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Grape Skin Extract (Step 6)

Guaiac Resin (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Guanylic Acid, 5'- (Adopted at Step 8)

Guar Gum (Adopted at Step 8)

Gum Arabic (Adopted at Step 8)

Hexamethylene Tetramine (Step 6)

Hydrochloric Acid (Adopted at Step 8)

Hydroxypropyl Cellulose (Adopted at Step 8)

Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate (Adopted at Step 8)

Hydroxypropyl Methyl Cellulose (Adopted at Step 8)

Hydroxypropyl Starch (Adopted at Step 8)

Indigotine (Step 6)

Inosinic Acid, 5'- (Adopted at Step 8)

Insoluble Polyvinylpyrrolidone (Adopted at Step 8)

Iron Oxide, Black (Step 6)

Iron Oxide, Red (Step 6)

Iron Oxide, Yellow (Step 6)

Isomalt (Adopted at Step 8)

Isopropyl Citrate (Step 6)

Karaya Gum (Adopted at Step 8)

Konjac Flour (Adopted at Step 8)

Lactic Acid (Adopted at Step 8)

Lactic and Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol (Adopted at Step 8)

Lactitol (Adopted at Step 8)

Lecithin (Adopted at Step 8)

Lipase (Animal Sources) (Adopted at Step 8)

Lipase (Aspergillus oryzae, var.) (Adopted at Step 8)

Lysozyme Hydrochloride (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Magnesium Carbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Magnesium Chloride (Adopted at Step 8)

Magnesium Gluconate (Adopted at Step 8)

Magnesium Glutamate, Dl-L-, (Adopted at Step 8)

Magnesium Hydrogen Carbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Magnesium Hydroxide (Adopted at Step 8)

Magnesium Lactate (Adopted at Step 8)

Magnesium Oxide (Adopted at Step 8)

Magnesium Silicate (Synthetic) (Adopted at Step 8)

Magnesium Chloride (Adopted at Step 8)

Malic Acid (Adopted at Step 8)

Maltitol (including maltitol syrup) (Adopted at Step 8)

Maltol (Step 6)

Mannitol (Adopted at Step 8)

Methyl Cellulose (Adopted at Step 8)

Methyl Ethyl Cellulose (Adopted at Step 8)

Methyl p-Hydroxybenzoate (Step 6)

Microcrystalline Cellulose (Adopted at Step 8)

Microcrystalline Wax (Step 6)

Mineral Oil (Step 6)

Mineral Oil (High Viscosity) (Step 6)

Mineral Oil (Medium & Low Viscosity, Class I) (Step 6)



[[Page 28434]]



Mineral Oil (Medium & Low Viscosity, Classes II & III) (Step 6)

Mixed Tocopherols Concentrate (Step 6)

Mono-and Diglycerides (Adopted at Step 8)

Monoammonium Glutamate, L- (Adopted at Step 8)

Monoammonium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Monocalcium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Monopotassium Glutamate, L- (Adopted at Step 8)

Monopotassium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Monopotassium Tartrate (Step 6)

Monosodium Glutamate, L- (Adopted at Step 8)

Monosodium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Monosodium Tartrate (Step 6)

Monostarch Phosphate, L- (Adopted at Step 8)

Nisin (Step 6)

Nitrogen (Adopted at Step 8)

Nitrous Oxide (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Ortho-Phenylphenol (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Orthophosphoric Acid (Step 6)

Oxidized Starch (Adopted at Step 8)

Oxystearin (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Papain (Adopted at Step 8)

Pectins (Amidated and Non-amidated) (Adopted at Step 8)

Pentapotassium Triphosphate (Step 6)

Pentasodium Triphosphate (Step 6)

Phosphated Distarch Phosphate (Adopted at Step 8)

Phosphatidic Acid, Ammonium Salt (Step 6)

Pimaricin (Natamycin) (Step 6)

Polydextroses (Adopted at Step 8)

Polydimethylsiloxane (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Polyethylene Glycol (Step 6)

Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Acids (Step 6)

Polyglycerol Esters of Interesterified Ricinoleic Acid (Step 6)

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monolaurate (Step 6)

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monooleate (Step 6)

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monopalmitate (Step 6)

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monostearate (Step 6)

Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Tristearate (Step 6)

Polyoxyethylene (40) Stearate (Step 6)

Polyoxyethylene (8) Stearate (Step 6)

Polyvinylpyrrolidone (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Ponceau 4R (Step 6)

Potassium Acetate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Adipate (Step 6)

Potassium Alginate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Ascorbate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Benzoate (Step 6)

Potassium Bisulfite (Step 6)

Potassium Carbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Dihydrogen Carbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Ferrocyanide (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Potassium Gluconate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Hydrogen Malate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Hydroxide (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Lactate (Solution) (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Malate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Metabisulfite (Step 6)

Potassium Nitrate (Step 6)

Potassium Nitrite (Step 6)

Potassium Polyphosphate (Step 6)

Potassium Propionate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Sodium Tartrate (Step 6)

Potassium Sorbate (Step 6)

Potassium Sulfate (Adopted at Step 8)

Potassium Sulfite (Step 6)

Powdered Cellulose (Adopted at Step 8)

Processed Eucheuma Seaweed (Step 6)

Propane (Adopted at Step 8)

Propionic Acid (Adopted at Step 8)

Propyl Gallate (Step 6)

Propyl p-Hydroxybenzoate (Step 6)

Propylene Glycol (Step 6)

Propylene Glycol Alginate (Step 6)

Propylene Glycol Esters of Fatty Acids (Step 6)

Protease (Aspergillus oryzae var.) (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Quillaia Extract (Step 6)

Quinoline Yellow (Step 6)

Red 2G (Step 6)

Riboflavin (Step 6)

Riboflavin 5'-Phosphate (Step 6)

Saccharin (Step 6)

Salts of Myristic, Palmitic and Stearic Acid (Ammonium, Calcium, 

Potassium and Sodium) (Adopted at Step 8)

Shellac (Step 6)

Silicon Dioxide (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Acetate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Adipate (Step 6)

Sodium Alginate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Aluminum Phosphate-Acidic (Step 6)

Sodium Aluminum Phosphate-Basic (Step 6)

Sodium Aluminosilicate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Ascorbate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Benzoate (Step 6)

Sodium Carbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Carboxymethyl Cellulose (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Diacetate (Step 6)

Sodium Dihydrogen Citrate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Erythorbate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Ferrocyanide (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Sodium Fumarate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Gluconate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Hydrogen Malate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Hydrogen Sulfite (Step 6)

Sodium Hydroxide (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Lactate (Solution) (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Malate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Metabisulfite (Step 6)

Sodium Nitrate (Step 6)

Sodium Nitrite (Step 6)

Sodium ortho-Phenylphenol (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Sodium Polyphosphate (Step 6)

Sodium Propionate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Sesquicarbonate (Adopted at Step 8)

Sodium Sorbate (Step 6)

Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate (Step 6)

Sodium Sulfite (Step 6)

Sodium Thiosulfate (Step 6)

Sorbic Acid (Step 6)

Sorbitol (Including Sorbitol Syrup) (Adopted at Step 8)

Sorbitan Monolaurate (Step 6)

Sorbitan Monooleate (Step 6)

Sorbitan Monopalmitate (Step 6)

Sorbitan Monostearate (Step 6)

Sorbitan Tristearate (Step 6)

Stannous Chloride (Step 6)

Starch Acetate (Adopted at Step 8)

Starch Sodium Octenylsuccinate (Adopted at Step 8)

Stearyl Citrate (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Stearyl Tartrate (Step 6)

Sucralose (Step 6)

Sucroglycerides (Step 6)

Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids (Step 6)

Sulphur Dioxide (Step 6)

Sunset Yellow FCF (Step 6)

Talc (Adopted at Step 8)

Tannic Acid (Tannins, Food Grade) (Step 6)

Tara Gum (Adopted at Step 8)

Tartaric, Acetic and Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol (mixed) (Adopted at 

Step 8)

Tartaric Acid (L(+)-) (Step 6)

Tartrazine (Step 6)

Tertiary Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) (Step 6)

Tetrapotassium Diphosphate (Step 6)

Tetrasodium Diphosphate (Step 6)

Thaumatin (Adopted at Step 8)

Thermally Oxidized Soya Bean Oil with Mono- and Di-Glycerides of Fatty 

Acids (TOSOM) (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Thiodipropionic Acid (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Titanium Dioxide (Adopted at Step 8)



[[Page 28435]]



Tragacanth Gum (Adopted at Step 8)

Triacetin (Adopted at Step 8)

Triammonium Citrate (Adopted at Step 8)

Tricalcium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Triethyl Citrate (Forwarded for adoption at Step 8)

Trimagnesium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Tripotassium Citrate (Adopted at Step 8)

Tripotassium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Trisodium Citrate (Adopted at Step 8)

Trisodium Diphosphate (Step 6)

Trisodium Orthophosphate (Step 6)

Xanthan Gum (Adopted at Step 8)

Xylitol (Adopted at Step 8)



Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues



    The Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues recommends to the Codex 

Alimentarius Commission establishment of maximum limits for pesticide 

residues for specific food items or in groups of food. A Codex Maximum 

Limit for Pesticide Residues (MRLP) is the maximum concentration of a 

pesticide residue (expressed as mg/kg), recommended by the Codex 

Alimentarius Commission to be legally permitted in or on food 

commodities and animal feeds. Foods derived from commodities that 

comply with the respective MRLPs are intended to be toxicologically 

acceptable, that is, consideration of the various dietary residue 

intake estimates and determinations both at the national and 

international level in comparison with the ADI*, should indicate that 

foods complying with Codex MRLPs are safe for human consumption.

    Codex MRLPs are primarily intended to apply in international trade 

and are derived from reviews conducted by the Joint Meeting on 

Pesticide Residues (JMPR) following:

    (a) Review of residue data from supervised trials and supervised 

uses including those reflecting national good agricultural practices 

(GAP). Data from supervised trials conducted at the highest nationally 

recommended, authorized, or registered uses are included in the review. 

In order to accommodate variations in national pest control 

requirements, Codex MRLPs take into account the higher levels shown to 

arise in such supervised trials, which are considered to represent 

effective pest control practices, and

    (b) Toxicological assessment of the pesticide and its residue.

    The following items will be considered by the Codex Alimentarius 

Commission at its 23rd session in June 1999. The referenced documents 

are ALINORMs 99/24 and 99/24A:

    <bullet> Draft Revised Recommended Methods of Sampling for 

Determination of Pesticide Residues for Compliance with MRLs at Step 8.

    *Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) of a chemical is the daily intake 

which, during an entire lifetime, appears to be without appreciable 

risk to the health of the consumer on the basis of all the known facts 

at the time of the evaluation of the chemical by the Joint FAO/WHO 

Meeting on Pesticide Residues. It is expressed in milligrams of the 

chemical per kilogram of body weight.



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                                                                          U.S. participation/

         Codex committee                     Standard                    Status of consideration                 agenda            Responsible  agency

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Pesticide residues (Considered    Abamectin.....................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5..  YES....................  EPA/ARS

 at the 30th and 31st CCPR)

 Annex II to Alinorms 99/24 and

 99/24A.

                                  Acephate......................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5/8  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Aldicarb......................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletions.

                                  Aminomethyl-Phosphon (AMPA)...  MRLs under consideration at Step 5..  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Bifenthrin....................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5/8  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and 8.

                                  Captan........................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5..  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Carbofuran....................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and 5/8 and CXL deletions.

                                  Carbosulfan...................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5..  YES....................  ARS/EPA

                                  Clethodim.....................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5..  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Chlorfenvin-phos..............  CXL deletions.......................  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Chlormequat...................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5..  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Chloro-Thalonil...............  MRLs under consideration at Step 5/8  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletions.

                                  Chlorpyrifos..................  MRLs under consideration at Step 8    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletions.

                                  Chlorpyrifos-Methyl...........  CXL deletions.......................  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  DDT...........................  EMRL under consideration at Step 5..  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Diazinon......................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and 5/8.

                                  Dicofol.......................  MRLs under consideration at Step 8    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletions.

                                  Diquat........................  MRLs under consideration at Step 8    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletions.



[[Page 28436]]





                                  Disulfoton....................  MRLs under consideration at Step 6..  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Ethephon......................  MRLs under consideration at Step 7B.  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Dithio-Carbamates.............  MRLs under consideration at Steps 5,  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   5/8, 8 and CXL deletions.

                                  Fenarimol.....................  MRLs under consideration at Steps 5/  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   8 and 8.

                                  Fenbuconazole.................  MRLs under consideration at Steps 5/  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   8 and 8.

                                  Fenthion......................  MRLs under consideration at Step 7B.  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Flumethrin....................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5/8  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Guazatine.....................  CXL deletions and guideline levels..  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Glyphosphate..................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5/8  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletions.

                                  Haloxyfop.....................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5..  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Methamidophos.................  MRLs under consideration at Steps 5   YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and 5/8.

                                  Methidathion..................  MRLs under consideration at Step 8    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletions.

                                  Mevinphos.....................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletion.

                                  Myclobutanil..................  MRLs under consideration at Steps 5   YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and 5/8.

                                  Parathion.....................  MRL at Step 8.......................  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Parathion-Methyl..............  MRLs under consideration at Step 8    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletion.

                                  2-Phenyl-phenol...............  CXL deletion........................  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Phenothrin....................  CXL deletion........................  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Phenthoate....................  CXL deletion........................  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Phorate.......................  MRLs under consideration at Step 8    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletion.

                                  Phosalone.....................  CXL deletions.......................  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Phosmet.......................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5    YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletions.

                                  Phoxim........................  CXL deletion........................  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Proxpoxur.....................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5/8  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletions.

                                  Tebuconazole..................  MRLs under consideration at Steps 5   YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and 8.

                                  Tebufenozide..................  MRLs under consideration at Steps 5   YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and 8.

                                  Teflubenzuron.................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5/8  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                  Thiabendazole.................  MRLs under consideration at Step 5/8  YES....................  EPA/ARS

                                                                   and CXL deletions.

                                  Thiometon.....................  CXL deletions.......................  YES....................  EPA/ARS

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Codex Committee on Methods of Analysis and Sampling



    The Codex Committee on Methods of Analysis and Sampling:

    (a) Defines the criteria appropriate to Codex Methods of Analysis 

and Sampling;

    (b) Serves as a coordinating body for Codex with other 

international groups working in methods of analysis and sampling and 

quality assurance systems for laboratories;

    (c) Specifies, on the basis of final recommendations submitted to 

it by the other bodies referred to in (b) above, Reference Methods of 

Analysis and Sampling appropriate to Codex Standards which are 

generally applicable to a number of foods;

    (d) Considers, amends, if necessary, and endorses, as appropriate, 

methods of analysis and sampling proposed by Codex (Commodity) 

Committees, except



[[Page 28437]]



that methods of analysis and sampling for residues of pesticides or 

veterinary drugs in food, the assessment of microbiological quality and 

safety in food, and the assessment of specifications for food additives 

do not fall within the terms of reference of this Committee;

    (e) Elaborates sampling plans and procedures, as may be required;

    (f) Considers specific sampling and analysis problems submitted to 

it by the Commission or any of its Committees; and

    (g) Defines procedures, protocols, guidelines or related texts for 

the assessment of food laboratory proficiency, as well as quality 

assurance systems for laboratories.

    The following matters, found in ALINORM 99/23, will be considered 

by the Codex Alimentarius Commission at its 23rd Session in June:

    Proposed as new work:



Amendments to the Codex Alimentarius Commission Procedural Manual:

    --Principles for the Establishment of Codex Methods of Analysis and 

Sampling

    --Relations between Commodity Committees and General Committees



    The Committee is continuing work on:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft General Guidelines on Sampling Criteria for 

Evaluating Acceptable Methods of Analysis for Codex Purposes;

    <bullet> Harmonization of Analytical Terminology ``Measurement 

Limits'';

    <bullet> Harmonization of Reporting of Test Results Corrected for 

Recovery Factors;

    <bullet> Measurement Uncertainty;

    <bullet> In-House Method Validation; and

    <bullet> Endorsement of Methods of Analysis and Sampling Provisions 

in Codex Standards.



Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA; USDA/AMS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Food Import and Export Inspection and Certification 

Systems



    The Codex Committee on Food Import and Export Certification and 

Inspection Systems is charged with developing principles and guidelines 

for food import and export inspection and certification systems to 

protect consumers and to facilitate trade. Additionally, the Committee 

develops principles and guidelines for the application of measures by 

competent authorities to provide assurance that foods comply with 

essential requirements. This encompasses work on: equivalence of food 

inspection systems including equivalence agreements, processes and 

procedures to ensure that sanitary measures are implemented, and the 

determination of the judgement of equivalence; guidelines on food 

import control systems; and guidelines on food product certification 

and information exchange. The development of guidelines for the 

appropriate utilization of quality assurance systems to ensure that 

foodstuffs conform to requirements and to facilitate trade are also 

included in the Committee's terms of reference. The following draft 

guidelines, found in ALINORM 99/30A, will be considered by the 

Commission at its 23rd Session in June 1999:

    <bullet> Draft Guidelines for the Development of Equivalence 

Agreements

    Codex texts to be considered by the Committee at its 8th Session, 

to be held 21-25 February 2000, in Adelaide, Australia, are the 

following:

    To be considered at Step 4:

    <bullet> Guidelines/Recommendations for Import Control Systems;

    <bullet> Guidelines and Criteria for Official Certificate Formats 

and Rules Relating to the Production and Issue of Certificates; and

    <bullet> Guidelines for the Judgement of Equivalence of Sanitary 

Measures Associated with Food Inspection and Certification Systems.

    To be considered at Steps 1/2:

    <bullet> Guidelines for the Utilization and Promotion of Quality 

Assurance Systems.

    Depending upon decisions taken by the Codex Executive Committee and 

the Commission, the Committee may undertake work on the following 

items:

    <bullet> Guidelines for the Format and Contents of Databases on 

Importing Country Legislation; and

    <bullet> Guidelines for the Judgement of Equivalence of Technical 

Regulations other than Sanitary Measures.

Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA; USDA/FSIS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on General Principles



    The Codex Committee on General Principles deals with rules and 

procedures referred to it by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. None of 

the following recommendations for changing the rules of procedure for 

Codex are in the Step Procedure. The following items, contained in 

ALINORM 99/33 and ALINORM 99/33A, will be considered by the Codex 

Alimentarius Commission at its 23rd Session in June:

    <bullet> Amendment of the Criteria for the Establishment of Work 

Priorities and the Criteria for the Establishment of Subsidiary Bodies 

of the Codex Alimentarius Commission;

    <bullet> Endorsement of the Amendment to the Food Hygiene 

Provisions in the Relations between Commodity Committees and General 

Subject Committees proposed by the Committee on Food Hygiene;

    <bullet> Amendment to the Terms of Reference of the Committee on 

Milk and Milk Products;

    <bullet> Definitions for Risk Communication and Risk Management;

    <bullet> Addition of Draft Revised Principles Concerning the 

Participation of International Non-Governmental Organizations in the 

Work of the Codex Alimentarius Commission; and

    <bullet> Additional of Proposed Core Functions of Codex Contact 

Points.

    The Committee is continuing work on:

    <bullet> Revision of the Code of Ethics for International Trade in 

Foods, including consideration of special and differential treatment 

for developing countries;

    <bullet> Working Principles for Risk Analysis and Definition of 

Risk Assessment Policy;

    <bullet> Measures Intended to Facilitate Consensus; and

    <bullet> Consideration of Legitimate Factors Other than Science in 

Codex Decision-Making.



Responsible Agency: USDA/FSIS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Food Labelling



    The Codex Committee on Food Labelling is responsible for drafting 

provisions on labelling problems assigned by the Codex Alimentarius 

Commission. The following items will be considered by the Committee at 

its 23rd Session in June 1999. The reference documents are ALINORMs 99/

22 and 99/22A.

    To be considered at Step 8:

    <bullet> Draft Guidelines for the Production, Processing, Labelling 

and Marketing of Organically Produced Foods;

    <bullet> Draft Guidelines for Labelling Foods that can cause 

Hypersensitivity (Draft Amendment to the General Standard for the 

Labelling of Prepackaged Foods); and

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Amendment to the Labelling Section of the 

Standard for Quick Frozen Fish Sticks (Fish Fingers) and Fish Portions 

and Fish Fillets, Breaded or in Batter.

    To be considered at Step 5:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Amendment to the General Standard for the 

Labelling of Prepackaged Foods (CLASS NAMES); and

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Amendment to the Guidelines on Nutrition 

Labelling.

    The Committee is continuing to work on:



[[Page 28438]]



    <bullet> Proposed Draft Recommendations for the Use of Health 

Claims;

    <bullet> Draft Guidelines for Organically Produced Foods (Animal 

Products);

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Recommendations on Labelling/Biotechnology 

(Mandatory Labelling);

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Amendment to the General Labelling Standard 

(Class Names);

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Recommendations to the Guidelines on 

Nutrition Labelling;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Recommendations for the Use of the term 

``Vegetarian''; and

    <bullet> Discussion paper on misleading claims.



Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA; USDA/FSIS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Food Hygiene



    The Codex Committee on Food Hygiene has three primary 

responsibilities. The first is to draft basic provisions on food 

hygiene applicable to all foods. These provisions normally take the 

form of Codes of Hygienic Practice for a specific commodity (e.g., 

bottled water). Second, the Committee considers, amends, if necessary, 

and endorses food hygiene provisions that are incorporated into 

specific Codex commodity standards by the Codex commodity committees. 

These provisions normally contain generic wording referencing the 

Recommended Code of Hygienic Practice: General Principles for Food 

Hygiene (ref: CAC/RCP 1-1969, Rev. 3-1997), but may also include other 

provisions. Finally, the Committee provides general guidance to the 

Commission on matters relating to Food Hygiene. This often takes the 

form of providing general guidance documents such as the Draft 

Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct of Microbiological Risk 

Assessment and Draft Proposed Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct 

of Microbiological Risk Management. The following items, found in 

ALINORMS 99/13 and 99/13A, will be considered by the Codex Alimentarius 

Commission at its 23rd Session in June 1999:

    To be considered at Step 8:

    <bullet> Draft Code of Hygienic Practice for Refrigerated Packaged 

Foods with Extended Shelf-Life; and

    <bullet> Draft Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct of 

Microbiological Risk Assessment.

    To be considered at Step 5 of the Accelerated Procedure:

    <bullet> Draft Amendment to the International Recommended Code of 

Practice--General Principles of Food Hygiene.

    To be considered at Step 5:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Code of Hygienic Practice for the Transport 

of Foodstuffs in Bulk and Semi-Packaged Foodstuffs.

    To be adopted:

    <bullet> Amendment to the Procedural Manual: Food Hygiene 

Provisions in ``Relations between Commodity Committees and General 

Committees.''

    The Codex texts to be considered by the Committee at its 32nd 

Session to be held 29 Nov.-3 Dec. 1999 in Washington, DC, are the 

following:

    To be considered at Step 7:

    <bullet> Draft Code of Hygienic Practice for Packaged (Bottled) 

Drinking Waters (Other Than Natural Mineral Waters); and

    <bullet> Draft Code of Hygienic Practice for the Transport of 

Foodstuffs in Bulk and Semi-Packaged Foodstuffs.

    To be considered at Step 4:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Code of Hygienic Practice for Milk and Milk 

Products;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Code of Hygienic Practice for the Primary 

Production, Harvesting and Packaging of Fresh Product/Fruits and 

Vegetables;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Code of Hygienic Practice for Pre-cut Raw 

Fruits and Vegetables;

    <bullet> HACCP in Less Developed Businesses; and

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct 

of Microbiological Risk Management.

    Other committee work:

    <bullet> Discussion Paper on the Proposed Draft Recommendations for 

the control of Listeria monocytogenes in Foods in International Trade;

    <bullet> Proposed Guidelines for the Hygienic Reuse of Processing 

Water in Food Plants;

    <bullet> Prioritization of the Revision of the Codes of Hygienic 

Practice;

    <bullet> Discussion Paper on Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria in 

Food; and

    <bullet> Discussion Paper on Consideration of Viruses in Food.

    At its 31st Session, the Committee postponed work on the 

Implications for the Broader Application of the HACCP System and 

discontinued work on the Broader Issues on the Application of 

Microbiological Risk Evaluation in International Foods and Feed Trade.



Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA; USDA/FSIS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Fresh Fruits and Vegetables



    The Codex Committee on Fresh Fruits and Vegetables is responsible 

for elaborating world-wide standards and codes of practice for fresh 

fruits and vegetables. The following draft standards will be considered 

by the Codex Alimentarius Commission at its 23rd Session in June 1999. 

The draft standards listed below are contained in ALINORMs 99/35 and 

99/35A.

    To be considered at Step 8:

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Chayote;

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Guava;

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Pineapples;

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Grapefruit (except for sizing 

provisions); and

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Longans.

    To be considered for adoption at Step 5/8, with the omission of 

steps 6 and 7:

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Mexican Limes;

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Ginger;

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Tisquisque (White and Lilac);

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Yellow Pitahayas; and

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Papaya.

    To be considered at Step 5:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Asparagus;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Oranges; and

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Uchuva.

    Proposed new work to be endorsed by the committee:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Apples;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Tomatoes; and

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Grapes.

    The Committee is continuing work on:

    <bullet> Discussion Paper on Size Tolerances, including sizing 

provisions of the Draft Standards for Grapefruit, Limes, Pummelos, and 

Oranges at Step 7;

    <bullet> Draft Code of Practice for the Quality Inspection and 

Certification of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables at Step 7;

    <bullet> Inspection Site Requisites at Step 3;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Yucca at Step 3; and

    <bullet> Discussion Paper on Definition of Terms.



Responsible Agency: USDA/AMS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Nutrition and Foods for Special Dietary Uses



    The Codex Committee on Nutrition and Foods for Special Dietary Uses 

is responsible for studying nutritional problems referred by the Codex 

Alimentarius Commission. The Committee also drafts provisions on 

nutritional aspects for all foods and develops guidelines, general 

principles, and standards for foods for special dietary uses. The 

following items, found in ALINORM 99/26, will be considered by the 

Codex Alimentarius Commission in June 1999.

    To be considered at Step 8:



[[Page 28439]]



    <bullet> Draft Table of Conditions for Nutrient Contents (Part B), 

Guidelines for Nutrient Claims.

    To be considered at Step 5:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standards for Processed Cereal-

Based Foods for Infants and Young Children.

    Proposal for new work:

    <bullet> A review of the Advisory List of Mineral Salts and Vitamin 

Compounds.

    Proposal to discontinue work to be considered by the Executive 

Committee of the Codex Alimentarius Commission at its 46th Session:

    <bullet> Consideration of Dietary Modelling

    The committee is continuing work on:

    <bullet> Draft Table of Conditions for Nutrient Contents Part B, 

containing provisions on Fibre), Guidelines for Use of Nutrition 

Claims;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standards for Gluten-Free Foods;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standards for Infant Formula;

    <bullet> Discussion paper to facilitate discussion on: Proposed 

Draft Guidelines for Vitamin and Mineral Supplements;

    <bullet> Nutrient Reference Values for Labelling Purposes;

    <bullet> Discussion paper on Vitamins and Minerals in Foods for 

Special Medical Purposes;

    <bullet> Discussion paper on Criteria for Scientific Evidence 

Relative to Health Claims;

    <bullet> Discussion paper on Provisions of Fortification on Iodine, 

Iron and Vitamin A in the Guidelines of Nutrition Claims; and

    <bullet> Discussion paper on Proposal to Design the Basis for 

Derivation of Energy Conversion Factors in the Codex Guidelines on 

Nutrition Labelling.



Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Fish and Fishery Products



    The Fish and Fishery Products Committee is responsible for 

elaborating standards for fresh and frozen fish, crustaceans and 

mollusks. The items below, found in ALINORM 99/18, will be considered 

by the Codex Alimentarius Commission at its 23rd Session in June 1999.

    To be considered at Step 8:

    <bullet> Draft Guidelines for the Sensory Evaluation of Fish and 

Shellfish in Laboratories.

    To be considered at Step 5 of the Accelerated Procedure:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Amendment to the Standard for Canned 

Sardines and Sardine-Type Products (inclusion of additional species).

    The Committee is continuing work on:

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Dried Salted Anchovies;

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Crackers from Marine and Freshwater 

Fish, Crustacean and Molluscan Shellfish;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Salted Atlantic Herring and 

Salted Sprats;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Code of Practice for Fish and Fishery 

Products;

    <bullet> Model Certificate for Fish and Fishery Products;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Smoked Fish; and

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Molluscan Shellfish.

Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA; USDC/NOAA/NMFS

    U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Milk and Milk Products



    The Codex Committee on Milk and Milk Products is responsible for 

establishing international codes and standards for milk and milk 

products. The following revised standards and draft revised codes of 

principles will be considered at the Session of the Codex Alimentarius 

Commission in June 1999. In addition, the Commission will consider the 

revocation of 14 individual Cheese Standards and the initiation of 

proposed new work to revise two existing standards. The reference 

document is ALINORM 99/11.

    To be considered at Step 8:

    <bullet> Draft Revised Standard for Butter;

    <bullet> Draft Revised Standard for Milkfat Products;

    <bullet> Draft Revised Standard for Evaporated Milks;

    <bullet> Draft Revised Standard for Sweetened Condensed Milk;

    <bullet> Draft Revised Standard for Milk and Cream Powders;

    <bullet> Draft Revised Standard for Cheese;

    <bullet> Draft Revised Standard for Whey Cheese;

    <bullet> Draft Revised Standard for Cheeses in Brine; and

    <bullet> Draft General Standard for the Use of Dairy Terms.

    Revocation of Codex Standards for:



<bullet> Cheshire

<bullet> Limburger

<bullet> Svecia

<bullet> Butterkase

<bullet> Harzer Kase

<bullet> Herrgardsost

<bullet> Hushallsost

<bullet> Maribo

<bullet> Fynbo

<bullet> Romadur

<bullet> Amsterdam

<bullet> Leidse

<bullet> Friese

<bullet> Edelpilzkase



    Proposed new work:

    <bullet> Revision of Codex Standard for Whey Powders; and

    <bullet> Revision of Codex Standard for Edible Casein Products.

    In addition, the Committee is continuing work on:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Processed Cheese;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Cream;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Individual Standards for Cheese 

(including a new standard for Mozzarella);

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Fermented Milk 

Products;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Dairy Spread;

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Unripened Cheese including Fresh 

Cheese;

    <bullet> Model Export Certificates for Milk Products; and

    <bullet> Heat Treatment Definitions.



Responsible Agency: USDA/AMS; HHS/FDA

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Fats and Oils



    The Codex Committee on Fats and Oils is responsible for elaborating 

standards for fats and oils of animal, vegetable, and marine origin. 

The reference document is ALINORM 99/17. The Sixteenth Session of the 

Committee recommended the following be adopted by the Commission in 

June 1999:

    To be considered at Step 8:

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Named Animal Fats;

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Edible Fats and Oils Not Covered by 

Individual Standards;

    <bullet> Draft Revised Code of Practice for the Storage and 

Transport of Fats; and

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Named Vegetable Oils.

    The Committee is continuing work on:

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Fat Spreads and Blended Fat Spreads; 

and

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Olive Oils and Olive-Pomace Oils.



Responsible Agency HHS/FDA; USDA/ARS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Cocoa Products and Chocolate



    The Codex Committee on Cocoa Products and Chocolate is responsible 

for elaborating world-wide standards for cocoa products and chocolate. 

The 21st Session of the Commission endorsed the recommendation of the 

Forty-Second Session of the Executive Committee to initiate the 

revision of the Cocoa Products and Chocolate Standards. The following 

draft standards, found in ALINORM 99/14, will be considered by



[[Page 28440]]



the Codex Alimentarius Commission at its 23rd Session in June 1999.

    To be considered at Step 5:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Cocoa Butter;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Cocoa Mass (Cocoa/

Chocolate Liquor) and Cocoa Cake for Use in the Manufacture of Cocoa 

and Chocolate Products; and

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Cocoa Powders (Cocoas) 

and Dry Cocoa-Sugar Mixture.

    The Committee is continuing to work on:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Chocolate and Chocolate 

Products.



Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Processed Fruits and Vegetables



    The Codex Committee on Processed Fruits and Vegetables (CCPFV) is 

responsible for elaborating standards for processed fruits and 

vegetables. After having been adjourned sine die, the Committee 

reconvened in Washington, DC, in March 1998 to begin work revising the 

standards. The reference ALINORM is 99/27.

    The Committee is continuing work on the following at Step 7:

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Canned Bamboo Shoots;

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Pickles;

    <bullet> Draft Standard for Kimchee;

    <bullet> Draft Revised Standard for Canned Applesauce; and

    <bullet> Draft Revised Standard for Canned Pears.

    To be considered by the Committee at Step 3:

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Canned Stone Fruits;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Canned Citrus Fruits;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Canned Berry Fruits;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Canned Mangoes;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Canned Pineapple;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Canned Fruit Cocktail;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Canned Tropical Fruit Salad;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Canned Chestnuts and Chestnut 

Puree;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Canned Vegetables;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Canned Tomatoes;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Canned Mushrooms;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Jams, Jellies and Marmalades;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Chutney;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Pickled Cucumbers 

(Cucumber Pickles);

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Table Olives;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Processed Tomato 

Concentrates;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Dried Apricots;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Dates;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Raisins;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Grated Desiccated 

Coconut;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Unshelled Pistachio 

Nuts;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Dried Edible Fungi;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Revised Standard for Edible Fungi and 

Fungus Products;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Standard for Soy Sauce;

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Guidelines for Packing Media in Canned 

Fruits; and

    <bullet> Proposed Draft Guidelines for Packing Media in Canned 

Vegetables.



Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA USDA/AMS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Certain Codex Commodity Committees



    Several Codex Alimentarius Commodity Committees have adjourned sine 

die. The following Committees fall into this category:



<bullet> Cereals, Pulses and Legumes*

    Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA, USDA/GIPSA

    U.S. Participation: Yes

<bullet> Meat Hygiene*

    Responsible Agency: USDA/FSIS

    U.S. Participation: Yes

<bullet> Processed Meat and Poultry Products*

    Responsible Agency: USDA/FSIS

    U.S. Participation: Yes

<bullet> Sugars

    Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA USDA/ARS

    U.S. Participation: Yes

<bullet> Soups and Broths

    Responsible Agency: USDA/FSIS

     Participation: Yes

<bullet> Vegetable Proteins*

    onsible Agency: HHS/FDA, USDA/ARS

     Participation: Yes



    * There is no planned activity for these Committees in the next 

year.



    A brief report on activities of the Codex Committees on Soups and 

Broths, and Sugars follows:



Codex Committee on Soups and Broths



    The Codex Committee on Soups and Broths elaborated worldwide 

standards for soups, broths, bouillons and consommes. The committee 

adjourned sine die. The main tasks of the Committee were completed. 

However, at its June 1997 meeting, the Codex Alimentarius Commission 

requested that the Committee commence work revising the Standard for 

Bouillons and Consommes. A Proposed Draft Revised Standard for 

Bouillons and Consommes was prepared by the Secretariat and has been 

circulated to member countries for comment at Step 3.



Responsible Agency: USDA/FSIS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee on Sugars



    The Codex Committee on Sugars elaborated standards for all types of 

sugars and sugar products. The Committee was adjourned sine die, but 

was asked to revise the standards for sugar and honey. The Codex 

Alimentarius Commission at its 22nd Session did not adopt the revised 

standards for sugar and honey but returned them to Step 6 for a new 

round of comments. Following the current round of comments, the Draft 

Revised Standard for Sugar will be submitted to the 23rd Session of the 

Commission for consideration at Step 8. The Draft Standard for Honey 

will remain at Step 6 for further consideration.



Responsible Agency: USDA/ARS; AHHS/FDA

U.S. Participation: Yes



Joint U.N.E.C.E./Codex Alimentarius Groups of Experts



    Two groups of experts dealt with specific commodities, much as the 

Codex Commodity Committees do. The Joint Groups of Experts completed 

their main tasks and were adjourned. These Groups were:

    <bullet> Standardization of Quick Frozen Foods; and

    <bullet> Standardization of Fruit Juices.

    The Executive Committee, at its 45th Session, noting that the 

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe had abolished the work 

programme for the Joint Codex/UNECE Groups of Experts, agreed to 

abolish these committees. Subject to confirmation by the Commission, it 

assigned the work of revising the Codex Standards for Quick Frozen 

Fruits and Vegetables to the Codex Committee on Processed Fruits and 

Vegetables and any revision of the Codex Recommended International Code 

of Practice for the Processing and Handling of Quick Frozen Foods to 

the Codex Committee on Food Hygiene. In regards to the Codex Standards 

for Fruit Juices, the Executive Committee agreed that these standards 

require updating and referred the matter to the Commission to decide 

whether to



[[Page 28441]]



establish an intergovernmental task force or new committee to undertake 

this work.



Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA; USDA/AMS

U.S. Participation: Yes



Codex Committee for Natural Mineral Waters



    The Codex Committee for Natural Mineral Waters is responsible for 

elaborating standards for natural mineral waters. The Codex 

Alimentarius Commission at its 22nd meeting approved the development of 

a standard for bottled/packaged water other than natural mineral 

waters. The Sixth Session of the Committee discussed the Proposed Draft 

General Standard for Bottled/Packaged Drinking Waters (Other Than 

Natural Mineral Waters) and agreed to return the draft to Step 3 for 

further comments. A request for comments and information on the need 

for inclusion and a wording of a definition for ``mineral water'' has 

been circulated. The reference document is ALINORM 99/20.



Responsible Agency: HHS/FDA

U.S. Participation: Yes



FAO/WHO Regional Coordinating Committees



    The Codex Alimentarius Commission is made up of an Executive 

Committee, as well as approximately 25 subsidiary bodies. Included in 

these subsidiary bodies are several coordinating committees.

    There are currently five Regional Coordinating Committees:



--Coordinating Committee for Africa

--Coordinating Committee for Asia

--Coordinating Committee for Europe

--Coordinating Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean

--Coordinating Committee for North America and the South-West Pacific



    The United States participates as an active member of the 

Coordinating Committee for North America and the South-West Pacific, 

and is informed of the other coordinating committees through meeting 

documents, final reports, and representation at meetings.

    Each regional committee:



--Defines the problems and needs of the region concerning food 

standards and food control;

--Promotes within the committee contacts for the mutual exchange of 

information on proposed regulatory initiatives and problems arising 

from food control and stimulates the strengthening of food control 

infrastructures;

--Recommends to the Commission the development of world-wide standards 

for products of interest to the region, including products considered 

by the committee to have an international market potential in the 

future; and

--Exercises a general coordinating role for the region and such other 

functions as may be entrusted to it by the Commission.



Codex Coordinating Committee for North America and the South-West 

Pacific



    The Coordinating Committee is responsible for defining problems and 

needs concerning food standards and food control of all Codex member 

countries of the regions. The Fifth Session of the Committee was held 

October 6-9, 1998, in Seattle, WA. The following matters for 

consideration by the Codex Alimentarius Commission at its 23rd Session 

in June can be found in ALINORM 99/32:

    <bullet> Report on the Review of the Status and Objectives of Codex 

Texts Under the WTO Agreements;

    <bullet> Report on Activities Related to Risk Analysis in Codex and 

Other Bodies;

    <bullet> Review and Promotion of Acceptances of Codex Standards and 

Maximum Residue Limits for Pesticides by Countries in the Region;

    <bullet> Activities of Codex Contact Points and National Codex 

Committees in the Region;

    <bullet> Consumer Participation in Codex Work and Related Matters; 

and

    <bullet> General Standard on Foods Produced through Biotechnology.



Agency Responsible: USDA/FSIS

U.S. PARTICIPATION: Yes



Attachment 2--U.S. Codex Alimentarius Officials, Codex Committee 

Chairpersons



Mr. Steven N. Tanner, Director, Technical Services Division, Grain 

Inspection, Packers & Stockyards Administration, U.S. Department of 

Agriculture, 10383 N. Executive Hills Blvd., Kansas City, MO 64153-

1394, Phone #: (816) 891-0401, Fax #: (816) 891-0478--Cereals, Pulses 

and Legumes (adjourned sine die)

Dr. I. Kaye Wachsmuth, Deputy Administrator, Office of Public Health 

and Science, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. Department of 

Agriculture, Room 341-E, Jamie L. Whitten Federal Building, 1400 

Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-3700, Phone #: (202) 720-

2644, Fax # (202) 690-2980--Food Hygiene

Mr. David L. Priester, International Standards Coordinator, Fresh 

Products Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, Agricultural Marketing 

Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, P.O. Box 96456, Room 2069, 

South Agriculture Building, Washington, DC 20090-6456, Phone #: (202) 

720-2184, Fax #: (202) 720-0016--Processed Fruits and Vegetables

Dr. Stephen F. Sundlof, Director, Center for Veterinary Medicine, Food 

and Drug Administration, 7500 Standish Place (HFV-1), Rockville, MD 

20855, Phone #: (301) 594-1740, Fax #: (301) 594-1830--Residues of 

Veterinary Drugs in Foods



Listing of U.S. Delegates and Alternate Delegates



[Worldwide General Subject Codex Committees]



CODEX COMMITTEE ON RESIDUES OF VETERINARY DRUGS IN FOODS



(Host Government--United States)



U.S. Delegate: Dr. Robert C. Livingston, Center for Veterinary 

Medicine (HFV-1), Food and Drug Administration, 7500 Standish Place, 

Rockville, MD 20855, Phone #: (301) 594-5903, Fax #: (301) 594-1830

Alternate Delegate: Dr. Pat Basu, Director, Chemistry and Toxicology 

Division, Office of Public Health and Science, Food Safety and 

Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 6912 Franklin 

Court, 1099 14th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20250-3700, Phone #: 

(202) 501-7319, Fax: (202) 501-7639



CODEX COMMITTEE ON FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS



(Host Government--The Netherlands)



U.S. Delegate: Dr. Alan Rulis, Director, Office of Premarket 

Approval, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and 

Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW, (HFS-200), Washington, DC 

20204, Phone #: (202) 418-3100, Fax #: (202) 418-3131

Alternate Delegate: Dr. Terry C. Troxell, Director, Division of 

Programs and Enforcement Policy, Center for Food Safety and Applied 

Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW, (HFS-

456), Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: (202) 205-5321, Fax #: (202) 

205-4422



CODEX COMMITTEE ON PESTICIDE RESIDUES



(Host Government--The Netherlands)



U.S. Delegate: Mr. Fred Ives, Health Effects Division (7509C), 

Office of Pesticide Programs, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 

401 M Street, SW, Washington, DC 20460, Phone #: (703) 305-6378, Fax 

#: (703) 305-5147

Alternate Delegate: Dr. Richard Parry, Jr., Assistant Administrator, 

Cooperative Interactions, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. 

Department of Agriculture, Room 358-A, Jamie L. Whitten Federal 

Bldg., Washington, DC 20250-3700, Phone #: (202) 720-3973, Fax #: 

(202) 720-5427



[[Page 28442]]



CODEX COMMITTEE ON METHODS OF ANALYSIS AND SAMPLING



(Host Government--Hungary)



U.S. Delegate: Dr. William Horwitz, Scientific Advisor, Center for 

Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (HFS-500), Food and Drug 

Administration, Room 3832, 200 C Street, SW, Washington, DC 20204, 

Phone #: (202) 205-4346, Fax #: (202) 401-7740

Alternate Delegate: Mr. William Franks, Deputy Administrator, 

Science and Technology, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. 

Department of Agriculture, Room 3507, South Agriculture Building, 

1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250, Phone #: (202) 

720-5231, Fax #: (202) 720-6496



CODEX COMMITTEE ON FOOD IMPORT AND EXPORT CERTIFICATION AND INSPECTION 

SYSTEMS



(Host Government--Australia)



Delegate: Mr. L. Robert Lake, Director, Office of Regulations and 

Policy, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW, 

Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: (202) 205-4160, Fax #: (202) 401-7739

Alternate Delegate: Mr. Mark Manis, Director, International Policy 

Development Division, Office of Policy, Program Development, and 

Evaluation, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. Department of 

Agriculture, Room 4434, South Agriculture Building, 1400 

Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-3700, Phone #: (202) 

720-6415, Fax #: (202) 720-7990



CODEX COMMITTEE ON GENERAL PRINCIPLES



(Host Government--France)



Delegate: Note: A member of the Steering Committee heads the 

delegation to meetings of the General Principles Committee



CODEX COMMITTEE ON FOOD LABELLING



(Host Government--Canada)



Delegate: Mr. L. Robert Lake, Director, Office of Regulations and 

Policy, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW, 

Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: (202) 205-4160, Fax #: (202) 401-7739

Alternate Delegate: Dr. Robert Post, Director, Labeling and Additive 

Policy Division, Office of Policy, Program Development and 

Evaluation, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. Department of 

Agriculture, Cotton Annex, Room 602, Washington, DC 20250-3700, 

Phone #: (202) 205-0279, Fax #: (202) 205-3625



CODEX COMMITTEE ON FOOD HYGIENE



(Host Government--United States)



Delegate: Dr. Robert Buchanan, Senior Science Advisor, Food and Drug 

Administration, 200 C Street, SW, Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: 

(202) 205-5053, Fax #: (202) 205-4970

    Alternate Delegate: Vacant



CODEX COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION AND FOODS FOR SPECIAL DIETARY USES



(Host Government--Germany)



Delegate: Dr. Elizabeth Yetley, Director, Office of Special 

Nutritionals, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and 

Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW (HFS-450), Washington, DC 

20204, Phone #: (202) 205-4168, Fax #: (202) 205-5295

Alternate Delegate: Dr. Robert J. Moore, Senior Regulatory 

Scientist, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and 

Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW (HFS-456), Washington, DC 

20204, Phone #: (202) 205-4605, Fax #: (202) 260-8957



CODEX COMMITTEE ON FRESH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES



(Host Government--Mexico)



Delegate: Mr. David L. Priester, International Standards 

Coordinator, Fresh Products Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, 

Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, P.O. 

Box 96456, Room 2069, South Agriculture Building, Washington, DC 

20090-6456, Phone #: (202) 720-2184, Fax #: (202) 720-0016

Alternate Delegate: Mr. Larry B. Lace, Branch Chief, Fresh Products 

Branch, Fruits and Vegetable Division, Agricultural Marketing 

Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Room 2049, South 

Agriculture Building 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 

20090-6456, Phone #: (202) 720-5870, Fax #: (202) 720-0393



CODEX COMMITTEE ON FISH AND FISHERY PRODUCTS



(Host Government--Norway)



Delegate: Mr. Philip C. Spiller, Director, Office of Seafood (HFS-

400) VERB, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and 

Drug Administration 200 C Street, SW, Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: 

(202) 418-3133, Fax #: (202) 418-3198

Alternate Delegate: Mr. Samuel W. McKeen, Director, Office of Trade 

and Industry Services, National Oceanic and Atmospheric 

Administration, NMFS 1335 East-West Highway, Room 6490, Silver 

Spring, MD 20910, Phone #: (301) 713-2351, Fax #: (301) 713-1081



CODEX COMMITTEE ON MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS



(Host Government--New Zealand)



Delegate: Mr. Duane Spomer, Chief, Dairy Standardization Branch, 

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service, Room 

2750, South Agriculture Building 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, 

Washington, DC 20250-0230, Phone #: (202) 720-9382, Fax #: (202) 

720-2643

Alternate Delegate: Mr. John C. Mowbray, Division of Programs and 

Enforcement Policy, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 

Food and Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW (HFS-306), 

Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: (202) 205-1731, Fax #: (202) 205-4422



CODEX COMMITTEE ON FATS AND OILS



(Host Government--United Kingdom)



Delegate: Mr. Charles W. Cooper, Director, International Activities 

Staff, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug 

Administration, 200 C Street, SW, Room 5823 (HFS-585), Washington, 

DC 20204, Phone #: (202) 205-5042, Fax #: (202) 401-7739

Alternate Delegate: Dr. Dwayne Buxton, National Program Leader for 

Oilseeds and Bioscience, Agricultural Research Service, Room 212, 

Building 005, Barc West, Beltsville, MD 20705, Phone #: (301) 504-

5321, Fax #: (301) 504-5467



CODEX COMMITTEE ON PROCESSED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES



(Host Government--United States)



Delegate: Mr. James Rodeheaver, Chief, Processed Products Branch, 

Fruits and Vegetables Program, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. 

Department of Agriculture, P.O. Box 96456, Room 0709, South 

Agriculture Building, Washington, DC 20090-6456, Phone: (202) 720-

4693, Fax: (202) 690-1527

Alternate Delegate: Mr. Charles W. Cooper, Director, International 

Activities Staff Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food 

and Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW, Room 5823 (HFS-585), 

Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: (202) 205-5042, Fax #: (202) 401-7739



CODEX COMMITTEE ON COCOA PRODUCTS AND CHOCOLATE



(Host Government--Switzerland)



U.S. Delegate: Mr. Charles W. Cooper, Director, International 

Activities Staff, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food 

and Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW, Room 5823 (HFS-585), 

Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: (202) 205-5042, Fax #: (202) 401-7739

Alternate Delegate: Dr. Michelle Smith, Food Technologist, Office of 

Food Labeling, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (HFS-

158), 200 C Street, SW, Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: (202) 205-

5099, Fax #: (202) 205-4594



CODEX COMMITTEE ON NATURAL MINERAL WATERS



(Host Government--Switzerland)



Delegate: Dr. Terry C. Troxell, Director, Office of Plant and Dairy 

Foods and Beverages, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 

Food and Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW (HFS-305), 

Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: (202) 205-5321, Fax #: (202) 205-4422

Alternate Delegate: Ms. Shellee Davis, Division of Programs and 

Enforcement Policy, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, 

Food and Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW (HFS-306), 

Washington, DC 20204, Phone #: (202) 205-4681, Fax #: (202) 205-4422



CODEX COMMITTEE ON SUGARS



(Host Government--United Kingdom)



Delegate: Dr. Benjamin Legendre, USDA/ARS, SRRC, Sugarcane Research 

Unit, 800 Little Bayou Black Drive, P.O. Box 470, Houma, LA 70361-

0470, Phone #: (504) 872-5042, Fax #: (504) 868-8369

Alternate Delegate: Dr. Dennis M. Keefe, Office of Premarket 

Approval, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and 

Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW (HFS-206), Washington, DC 

20204, Phone #: (202) 418-3113 Fax #: (202) 418-3131



[[Page 28443]]



CODEX COMMITTEE ON CEREALS, PULSES AND LEGUMES \1\



(Host Government--United States)



Delegate: Mr. Charles W. Cooper, Director, International Activities 

Staff, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Room 5823 (HFS-

585), Food and Drug Administration, 200 C Street, SW, Washington, DC 

20204, Phone #: (202) 205-5042, Fax #: (202) 401-7739

Alternate Delegate: Mr. David Shipman, Deputy Administrator, Grain 

Inspection Packers and Stockyards, Administration, U.S. Department 

of Agriculture, Room 1092, South Agriculture Building, 1400 

Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-3601, Phone #: (202) 

720-9170, Fax #: (202) 720-1015



CODEX COMMITTEE ON SOUPS AND BROTHS \1\



(Host Government--Switzerland)



Delegate: Mr. Charles Edwards, Director, Labeling, Products and 

Technology Standards Division, Office of Policy, Program Development 

and Evaluation, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. Department 

of Agriculture, Room 405, Cotton Annex, 300 12th Street, SW, 

Washington, DC 20250-3700, Phone #: (202) 205-0675, Fax #: (202) 

205-0080

Alternate Delegate: Dr. Robert Post, Director, Labeling and 

Compounds Review Division, Office of Policy, Program Development and 

Evaluation, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. Department of 

Agriculture, Room 602, Cotton Annex, 300 12th Street, SW, 

Washington, DC 20250-3700, Phone #: (202) 205-0279, Fax #: (202) 

205-3625



CODEX COMMITTEE ON VEGETABLE PROTEINS \1\



(Host Government--Canada)



U.S. Delegate: Dr. Wilda H. Martinez, Associate Deputy 

Administrator, Aqua Products and Human Nutrition Sciences, U.S. 

Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Room 107, 

B-005, Beltsville, MD 20705, Phone #: (301) 504-6275, Fax #: (301) 

504-6699

Alternate Delegate: Vacant



CODEX COMMITTEE ON MEAT HYGIENE \1\

---------------------------------------------------------------------------



    \1\ Adjourned sine die. The main tasks of these Committees are 

completed. However, the committees may be called to meet again if 

required.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------



(Host Government--New Zealand)



Delegate: Dr. John Prucha, Assistant Deputy Administrator, 

International and Domestic Policy, Food Safety and Inspection 

Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Room 4866, South 

Agriculture Building, Washington, DC 20250-3700, Phone #: (202) 720-

3473, Fax #: (202) 690-3856

Alternate Delegate: Vacant



CODEX COMMITTEE ON PROCESSED MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS \1\



(Host Government--Denmark)



U.S. Delegate: Dr. Daniel Engeljohn, Director, Regulations 

Development and Analysis Division, Office of Policy, Program 

Development and Evaluation, Food Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. 

Department of Agriculture, Room 112, Cotton Annex, 300 12th Street, 

SW, Washington, DC 20250-3700, Phone #: (202) 720-5627, Fax #: (202) 

690-0486

Alternate Delegate: Mr. Charles Edwards, Director, Labeling, 

Products and Technology, Standards Division, Office of Policy, 

Program Development and Evaluation, Food Safety and Inspection 

Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Room 405, Cotton Annex, 300 

12th Street, SW, Washington, DC 20250-3700, Phone #: (202) 205-0675, 

Fax #: (202) 205-0080



Subsidiary Bodies of the Codex Alimentarius



There are five regional coordinating committees:



Coordinating Committee for Africa

Coordinating Committee for Asia

Coordinating Committee for Europe

Coordinating Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean, and

Coordinating Committee for North America and the South-West Pacific

Contact: Mr. Patrick Clerkin, Director, U.S. Codex Office, Food 

Safety and Inspection Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Room 

4861, South Agriculture Building, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, 

Washington, DC 20250-3700, Phone #: (202) 205-7760, Fax #: (202) 

720-3157.



Attachment 3



                                           Timetable of Codex Sessions

                                          [June 1998 through June 2000]

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1998:

    CX 702-45..............  Executive Committee of the   3-5 June..................  Rome.

                              Codex Alimentarius

                              Commission (45th Session).

    CX 722-23..............  Codex Committee on Fish and  8-12 June.................  Bergen.

                              Fishery Products (23rd

                              Session).

    CX 716-13..............  Codex Committee on General   7-11 September............  Paris.

                              Principles (13th Session).

    CX 730-11..............  Codex Committee on Residues  14-17 September...........  Washington, DC.

                              of Veterinary Drugs in

                              Foods (11th Session).

    CX 720-21..............  Codex Commission on          21-25 September...........  Berlin.

                              Nutrition and Foods for

                              Special Dietary Uses (21st

                              Session).

    CX 732-5...............  Codex Regional Coordinating  6-9 October...............  Seattle, WA.

                              Committee for North

                              America and the South West

                              Pacific (5th Session).

    CX 712-31..............  Codex Committee on Food      26-30 October.............  Washington, DC.

                              Hygiene (31st Session).

    CX 707-13..............  Codex Regional Coordinating  3-6 November..............  Harare.

                              Committee for Africa (13th

                              Session).

    CX 708-17..............  Codex Committee on Cocoa     16-18 November............  Switzerland.

                              Products and Chocolate

                              (17th Session).

    CX 719-6...............  Codex Committee on Natural   19-21 November............  Switzerland.

                              Mineral Waters (6th

                              Session).

    CX 715-22..............  Codex Committee on Methods   23-27 November............  Budapest.

                              of Analysis and Sampling

                              (22nd Session).

    CX 725-11..............  Codex Regional Committee     8-11 December.............  Montevideo.

                              for Latin American and the

                              Caribbean (11th Session).

1999:

    CX 733-7...............  Codex Committee on Food      22-26 February............  Melbourne.

                              Import and Export

                              Certification and

                              Inspection (7th Session).

    CX 731-8...............  Codex Committee on Fresh     1-5 March.................  Mexico City.

                              Fruits and Vegetables (8th

                              Session).

    CX 709-16..............  Codex Committee on Fats and  8-12 March................  London.

                              Oils (16th Session).

    CX 711-31..............  Codex Committee on Food      22-26 March...............  The Hague.

                              Additives and Contaminants

                              (31st Session).

    CX 718-31..............  Codex Committee on           12-17 April...............  The Hague.

                              Pesticide Residues (31st

                              Session).

    CX 714-27..............  Codex Committee on Food      19-23 April...............  Ottawa.

                              Labelling (27th Session).

    CX 716-13..............  Codex Committee on General   26-30 April...............  Paris.

                              Principles (14th Session).

    CX 702-46..............  Executive Committee of the   24-25 June................  Rome.

                              Codex Alimentarius

                              Commission (46th Session).

    CX 701-23..............  Codex Alimentarius           28 June-3 July............  Rome.

                              Commission (23rd Session).



[[Page 28444]]





    CX 727-12..............  Codex Regional Coordinating  23-26 November............  Pukhet.

                              Committee for Asia (12th

                              Session).

    CX 712-32..............  Codex Committee of Food      29 November-December......  Washington, DC.

                              Hygiene (32nd Session).

2000:

    CX 733-08..............  Codex Committee on Food      21-25 February............  TBA.

                              Import and Export

                              Certification and

                              Inspection (8th Session).

    CX 703-04..............  Codex Committee on Milk and  28 February-March.........  New Zealand.

                              Milk Products (4th

                              Session).

    CX 711-32..............  Codex Committee on Food      20-24 March...............  The Hague.

                              Additives and Contaminants

                              (32nd Session).

    CX 730-12..............  Codex Committee on Residues  28-31 March...............  TBA.

                              of Veterinary Drugs in

                              Foods (12th Session).

    CX 716-15..............  Codex Committee on General   10-14 April...............  Paris.

                              Principles (15th Session).

    CX 718-32..............  Codex Committee on           1-6 May...................  The Hague.

                              Pesticide Residues (32nd

                              Session).

    CX 714-28..............  Codex Committee on Food      8-12 May..................  Ottawa.

                              Labelling (28th Session).

    CX 722-24..............  Codex Committee on Fish and  5-9 June..................  Bergen.

                              Fishery Products (24th

                              Session).

    CX 720-22..............  Codex Committee on           19-23 June................  Berlin.

                              Nutrition and Foods for

                              Special Dietary Uses (22nd

                              Session).

    CX 702-47..............  Executive Committee of the   28-30 June................  Geneva.

                              Codex Alimentarius

                              Commission (47th Session).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



Attachment 4--Definitions for the Purpose of Codex Alimentarius



    Words and phrases have specific meanings when used by the Codex 

Alimentarius. For the purposes of Codex, the following definitions 

apply:

    1. Food means any substance, whether processed, semi-processed or 

raw, which is intended for human consumption, and includes drink, 

chewing gum, and any substance which has been used in the manufacture, 

preparation or treatment of ``food'' but does not include cosmetics or 

tobacco or substances used only as drugs.

    2. Food hygiene comprises conditions and measures necessary for the 

production, processing, storage and distribution of food designed to 

ensure a safe, sound, wholesome product fit for human consumption.

    3. Food additive means any substance not normally consumed as a 

food by itself and not normally used as a typical ingredient of the 

food, whether or not it has nutritive value, the intentional addition 

of which to food for a technological (including organoleptic) purpose 

in the manufacture, processing, preparation, treatment, packing, 

packaging, transport, or holding of such food results, or may be 

reasonably expected to result, (directly or indirectly) in it or its 

by-products becoming a component of or otherwise affecting the 

characteristics of such foods. The food additive term does not include 

``contaminants'' or substances added to food for maintaining or 

improving nutritional qualities.

    4. Contaminant means any substance not intentionally added to food, 

which is present in such food as a result of the production (including 

operations carried out in crop husbandry, animal husbandry, and 

veterinary medicine), manufacture, processing, preparation, treatment, 

packing, packaging, transport or holding of such food or as a result of 

environmental contamination. The term does not include insect 

fragments, rodent hairs and other extraneous matters.

    5. Pesticide means any substance intended for preventing, 

destroying, attracting, repelling, or controlling any pest including 

unwanted species of plants or animals during the production, storage, 

transport, distribution and processing of food, agricultural 

commodities, or animal feeds or which may be administered to animals 

for the control of ectoparasites. The term includes substances intended 

for use as a plant-growth regulator, defoliant, desiccant, fruit 

thinning agent, or sprouting inhibitor and substances applied to crops 

either before of after harvest to protect the commodity from 

deterioration during storage and transport. The term pesticides 

excludes fertilizers, plant and animal nutrients, food additives, and 

animal drugs.

    6. Pesticide residue means any specified substance in food, 

agricultural commodities, or animal feed resulting from the use of a 

pesticide. The term includes any derivatives of a pesticide, such as 

conversion products, metabolites, reaction products, and impurities 

considered to be of toxological significance.

    7. Good Agricultural Practice in the Use of Pesticides (GAP) 

includes the nationally authorized safe uses of pesticides under actual 

conditions necessary for effective and reliable pest control. It 

encompasses a range of levels of pesticide applications up to the 

highest authorized use, applied in a manner that leaves a residue which 

is the smallest amount practicable.

    Authorized safe uses are determined at the national level and 

include nationally registered or recommended uses, which take into 

account public and occupational health and environmental safety 

considerations.

    Actual conditions include any stage in the production, storage, 

transport, distribution and processing of food commodities and animal 

feed.

    8. Codex Maximum Limit for Pesticide Residues (MRLP) is the maximum 

concentration of a pesticide residue (expressed as mg/kg), recommended 

by the Codex Alimentarius Commission to be legally permitted in or on 

food commodities and animal feeds. MRLPs are based on their toxological 

affects and on GAP data and foods derived from commodities that comply 

with the respective MRLPs are intended to be toxologically acceptable.

    Codex MRLPs, which are primarily intended to apply in international 

trade, are derived from reviews conducted by the JMPR following:

    (a) Toxological assessment of the pesticide and its residue, and

    (b) Review of residue data from supervised trials and supervised 

uses including those reflecting national good agricultural practices. 

Data from supervised trials conducted at the highest nationally 

recommended, authorized, or registered uses are included in the review. 

In order to accommodate variations in national pest control 

requirements, Codex MRLPs take into account the higher levels shown to 

arise in such supervised trials, which are considered to represent 

effective pest control practices.

    Consideration of the various dietary residue intake estimates and 

determinations both at the national and international level in 

comparison with the ADI, should indicate that foods complying with 

Codex MRLPs are safe for human consumption.

    9. Veterinary Drug means any substance applied or administered to 

any food-producing animal, such as meat or milk-producing animals,



[[Page 28445]]



poultry, fish or bees, whether used for therapeutic, prophylactic or 

diagnostic purposes or for modification of physiological functions or 

behavior.

    10. Residues of Veterinary Drugs include the parent compounds and/

or their metabolites in any edible portion of the animal product, and 

include residues of associated impurities of the veterinary drug 

concerned.

    11. Codex Maximum Limit for Residues of Veterinary Drugs (MRLVD) is 

the maximum concentration of residue resulting from the use of a 

veterinary drug (expressed in mg/kg or mg/kg on a fresh weight basis) 

that is recommended by the Codex Alimentarius Commission to be legally 

permitted or recognized as acceptable in or on food.

    An MRLVD is based on the type and amount of residue considered to 

be without any toxological hazard for human health as expressed by the 

Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI), or on the basis of a temporary ADI that 

utilizes an additional safety factor. An MRLVD also takes into account 

other relevant public health risks as well as food technological 

aspects.

    When establishing an MRLVD, consideration is also given to residues 

that occur in food of plant origin and/or the environment. Furthermore, 

the MRLVD may be reduced to be consistent with good practices in the 

use of veterinary drugs and to the extent that practical and analytical 

methods are available.

    12. Good Practice in the Use of Veterinary Drugs (GPVD) is the 

official recommended or authorized usage including withdrawal periods 

approved by national authorities, of veterinary drugs under practicable 

conditions.

    13. Processing Aid means any substance or material, not including 

apparatus or utensils, not consumed as a food ingredient by itself, 

intentionally used in the processing of raw materials, foods or its 

ingredients, to fulfill a certain technological purpose during 

treatment or processing and which may result in the non-intentional but 

unavoidable presence of residues or derivatives in the final product.



Definitions of Risk Analysis Terms Related to Food Safety



    Hazard: A biological, chemical or physical agent in, or condition 

of, food with the potential to cause an adverse health effect.

    Risk: A function of the probability of an adverse health effect and 

the severity of that effect, consequential to a hazard(s) in food.

    Risk analysis: A process consisting of three components: risk 

assessment, risk management and risk communication.

    Risk assessment: A scientifically based process consisting of the 

following steps: (i) hazard identification, (ii) hazard 

characterization, (iii) exposure assessment, and (iv) risk 

characterization.

    Hazard identification: The identification of biological, chemical, 

and physical agents capable of causing adverse health effects and which 

may be present in a particular food or group of foods.

    Hazard characterization: The qualitative and/or quantitative 

evaluation of the nature of the adverse health effects associated with 

biological, chemical and physical agents that may be present in food. 

For chemical agents, a dose-response assessment should be performed. 

For biological or physical agents, a dose-response assessment should be 

performed if the data are obtainable.

    Dose-response assessment: The determination of the relationship 

between the magnitude of exposure (dose) to a chemical, biological or 

physical agent and the severity and/or frequency of associated adverse 

health effects (response).

    Exposure assessment: The qualitative and/or quantitative evaluation 

of the likely intake of biological, chemical, and physical agents via 

food as well as exposures from other sources if relevant.

    Risk characterization: The qualitative and/or quantitative 

estimation, including attendant uncertainties, of the probability of 

occurrence and severity of known or potential adverse health effects in 

a given population based on hazard identification, hazard 

characterization and exposure assessment.

    Risk management: The process of weighing policy alternatives in the 

light of the results of risk assessment and, if required, selecting and 

implementing appropriate control options, including regulatory 

measures.

    Risk communication: The interactive exchange of information and 

opinions concerning risk among risk assessors, risk managers, consumers 

and other interested parties.



Attachment 5--Part 1



Uniform Procedure for the Elaboration of Codex Standards and Related 

texts



Steps 1, 2 and 3



    (1) The Commission decides, taking into account the ``Criteria for 

the Establishment of Work Priorities and for the Establishment of 

Subsidiary Bodies,'' to elaborate a Worldwide Codex Standard and also 

decides which subsidiary body or other body should undertake the work. 

A decision to elaborate a Worldwide Codex Standard may also be taken by 

subsidiary bodies of the Commission in accordance with the above-

mentioned criteria, subject to subsequent approval by the Commission or 

its Executive Committee at the earliest possible opportunity. In the 

case of Codex Regional Standards, the Commission shall base its 

decision on the proposal of the majority of members belonging to a 

given region or group of countries submitted at a session of the Codex 

Alimentarius Commission.

    (2) The Secretariat arranges for the preparation of a proposed 

draft standard. In the case of Maximum Limits for Residues of 

Pesticides or Veterinary Drugs, the Secretariat distributes the 

recommendations for maximum limits, when available from the Joint 

Meetings of the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and 

the Environment and the WHO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues 

(JMPR), or the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives 

(JECFA). In the cases of milk and milk products or individual standards 

for cheeses, the Secretariat distributes the recommendations of the 

International Dairy Federation (IDF).

    (3) The proposed draft standard is sent to members of the 

Commission and interested international organizations for comment on 

all aspects including possible implications of the proposed draft 

standard for their economic interests.



Step 4



    The comments received are sent by the Secretariat to the subsidiary 

body or other body concerned which has the power to consider such 

comments and to amend the proposed draft standard.



Step 5 \1\



    The proposed draft standard is submitted through the Secretariat to 

the Commission or to the Executive Committee with a view to its 

adoption as a draft standard. When making any decision at this step, 

the Commission or the Executive Committee will give due consideration 

to any comments that may be submitted by any of its members



[[Page 28446]]



regarding the implications which the proposed draft standard or any 

provisions of the standard may have for their economic interests. In 

the case of Regional Standards, all members of the Commission may 

present their comments, take part in the debate and propose amendments, 

but only the majority of the Members of the region or group of 

countries concerned attending the session can decide to amend or adopt 

the draft. When making any decisions at this step, the members of the 

region or group of countries concerned will give due consideration to 

any comments that may be submitted by any of the members of the 

Commission regarding the implications which the proposed draft standard 

or any provisions of the proposed draft standard may have for their 

economic interests.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------



    \1\ Without prejudice to any decision that may be taken by the 

Commission at Step 5, the proposed draft standard may be sent by the 

Secretariat for government comment prior to its consideration at 

Step 5, when, in the opinion of he subsidiary body or other body 

concerned, the time between the relevant session of the Commission 

and the subsequent session of the subsidiary or other body concerned 

requires such actions in order to advance the work.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------



Step 6



    The draft standard is sent by the Secretariat to all members and 

interested international organizations for comment on all aspects, 

including possible implications of the draft standard for their 

economic interests.



Step 7



    The comments received are sent by the Secretariat to the subsidiary 

body or other body concerned, which has the power to consider such 

comments and amend the draft standard.



Step 8



    The draft standard is submitted through the Secretariat to the 

Commission together with any written proposals received from members 

and interested international organizations for amendments at Step 8 

with a view to its adoption as a Codex Standard. In the case of 

Regional standards, all members and interested international 

organizations may present their comments, take part in the debate and 

propose amendments but only the majority of members of the region or 

group of countries concerned attending the session can decide to amend 

and adopt the draft.



Part 2



Uniform Accelerated Procedure for the Elaboration of Codex Standards 

and Related Texts



Steps 1, 2 and 3



    (1) The Commission or the Executive Committee between Commission 

sessions, on the basis of a two-thirds majority of votes cast, taking 

into account the ``Criteria for the Establishment of Work Priorities 

and for the Establishment of Subsidiary Bodies'', shall identify those 

standards which shall be the subject of an accelerated elaboration 

process. The identification of such standards may also be made by 

subsidiary bodies of the Commission, on the basis of a two-thirds 

majority of votes cast, subject to confirmation at the earliest 

opportunity by the Commission or its Executive Committee by a two-

thirds majority of votes cast.

    (2) The Secretariat arranges for the preparation of a proposed 

draft standard. In the case of Maximum Limits for Residues of 

Pesticides or Veterinary Drugs, the Secretariat distributes the 

recommendations for maximum limits, when available from the Joint 

Meetings of the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and 

the Environment and the WHO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues 

(JMPR), or the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives 

(JECFA). In the cases of milk and milk products or individual standards 

for cheeses, the Secretariat distributes the recommendations of the 

International Dairy Federation (IDF).

    (3) The proposed draft standard is sent to Members of the 

Commission and interested international organizations for comment on 

all aspects including possible implications of the proposed draft 

standard for their economic interests. When standards are subject to an 

accelerated procedure, this fact shall be notified to the Members of 

the Commission and the interested international organizations.



Step 4



    The comments received are sent by the Secretariat to the subsidiary 

body or other body concerned which has the power to consider such 

comments and to amend the proposed draft standard.



Step 5



    In the case of standards identified as being subject to an 

accelerated elaboration procedure, the draft standard is submitted 

through the Secretariat to the Commission together with any written 

proposals received from Members and interested international 

organizations for amendments with a view to its adoption as a Codex 

standard. In taking any decision at this step, the Commission will give 

due consideration to any comments that may be submitted by any of its 

Members regarding the implications which the proposed draft standard or 

any provisions thereof may have for their economic interests.



Attachment 6



Nature of Codex Standards



    Codex standards contain requirements for food aimed at ensuring for 

the consumer a sound, wholesome food product free from adulteration, 

and correctly labelled. A Codex standard for any food or foods should 

be drawn up in accordance with the Format for Codex Commodity Standards 

and contain, as appropriate, the criteria listed therein.



Format for Codex Commodity Standards Including Standards Elaborated 

Under the Code of Principles Concerning Milk and Milk Products



Introduction



    The format is also intended for use as a guide by the subsidiary 

bodies of the Codex Alimentarius Commission in presenting their 

standards, with the object of achieving, as far as possible, a uniform 

presentation of commodity standards. The format also indicates the 

statements which should be included in standards as appropriate under 

the relevant headings of the standard. The sections of the format 

required to be completed for a standard are only those provisions that 

are appropriate to an international standard for the food in question.



Name of the Standard

Scope

Description

Essential Composition and Quality Factors

Food Additives

Contaminants

Hygiene

Weights and Measures

Labelling

Methods of Analysis and Sampling



Format for Codex Standards



Name of the Standard



    The name of the standard should be clear and as concise as 

possible. It should usually be the common name by which the food 

covered by the standard is known or, if more than one food is dealt 

with in the standard, by a generic name covering them all. If a fully 

informative title is inordinately long, a subtitle could be added.



Scope



    This section should contain a clear, concise statement as to the 

food or foods to which the standard is applicable unless the name of 

the standard clearly and concisely identifies the food or foods. A 

generic standard covering more than one specific product should clearly 

identify the specific products to which the standard applies.



[[Page 28447]]



Description



    This section should contain a definition of the product or products 

with an indication, where appropriate, of the raw materials from which 

the product or products are derived and any necessary references to 

processes of manufacture. The description may also include references 

to types and styles of product and to type of pack. The description may 

also include additional definitions when these additional definitions 

are required to clarify the meaning of the standard.



Essential Composition and Quality Factors



    This section should contain all quantitative and other requirements 

as to composition including, where necessary, identity characteristics, 

provisions on packing media and requirements as to compulsory and 

optional ingredients. It should also include quality factors that are 

essential for the designation, definition, or composition of the 

product concerned. Such factors could include the quality of the raw 

material, with the object of protecting the health of the consumer, 

provisions on taste, odor, color, and texture which may be apprehended 

by the senses, and basic quality criteria for the finished products, 

with the object of preventing fraud. This section may refer to 

tolerances for defects, such as blemishes or imperfect material, but 

this information should be contained in appendix to the standard or in 

another advisory text.



Food Additives



    This section should contain the names of the additives permitted 

and, where appropriate, the maximum amount permitted in the food. It 

should be prepared in accordance with guidance given on page 76 of the 

Codex Procedural Manual and may take the following form: ``The 

following provisions in respect of food additives and their 

specifications as contained in section * * * of the Codex Alimentarius 

are subject to endorsement [have been endorsed] by the Codex Committee 

on Food Additives and Contaminants.''

    A tabulation should then follow, viz.: ``Name of additive, maximum 

level (in percentage or mg/kg).''



Contaminants



    (a) Pesticide Residues: This section should include, by reference, 

any levels for pesticide residues that have been established by the 

Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues for the product concerned.

    (b) Other Contaminants: In addition, this section should contain 

the names of other contaminants and where appropriate the maximum level 

permitted in the food, and the text to appear in the standard may take 

the following form: ``The following provisions in respect of 

contaminants, other than pesticide residues, are subject to endorsement 

[have been endorsed] by the Codex Committee on Food Additives and 

Contaminants.''

    A tabulation should then follow, viz.: ``Name of contaminant, 

maximum level (in percentage or mg/kg).''



Hygiene



    Any specific mandatory hygiene provisions considered necessary 

should be included in this section. They should be prepared in 

accordance with the guidance given on page 78 of the Codex Procedural 

Manual. Reference should also be made to applicable codes of hygienic 

practice. Any parts of such codes, including in particular any end-

product specifications, should be set out in the standard, if it is 

considered necessary that they should be made mandatory. The following 

statement should also appear: ``The following provisions in respect of 

the food hygiene of the product are subject to endorsement [have been 

endorsed] by the Codex Committee on Food Hygiene.''



Weights and Measures



    This section should include all provisions, other than labelling 

provisions, relating to weights and measures, e.g. where appropriate, 

fill of container, weight, measure or count of units determined by an 

appropriate method of sampling and analysis. Weights and measures 

should be expressed in S.I. units. In the case of standards which 

include provisions for the sale of products in standardized amounts, 

e.g. multiples of 100 grams, S.I. units should be used, but this would 

not preclude additional statements in the standards of these 

standardized amounts in approximately similar amounts in other systems 

of weights and measures.



Labelling



    This section should include all the labelling provisions contained 

in the standard and should be prepared in accordance with the guidance 

given on page 75 of the Codex Procedural Manual. Provisions should be 

included by reference to the General Standard for the Labelling of 

Prepackaged Foods. The section may also contain provisions which are 

exemptions from, additions to, or which are necessary for the 

interpretation of the General Standard in respect of the product 

concerned provided that these can be justified fully. The following 

statement should also appear: ``The following provisions in respect of 

the labelling of this product are subject to endorsement [have been 

endorsed] by the Codex Committee on Food Labelling.''



Methods of Analysis and Sampling



    This section should include, either specifically or by reference, 

all methods of analysis and sampling considered necessary and should be 

prepared in accordance with the guidance given on page 79 of the Codex 

Procedural Manual. If two or more methods have been proved to be 

equivalent by the Codex Committee on Methods of Analysis and Sampling, 

these could be regarded as alternative and included in this section 

either specifically or by reference. The following statement should 

also appear: ``The methods of analysis and sampling described hereunder 

are to be endorsed [have been endorsed] by the Codex Committee on 

Methods of Analysis and Sampling.''



[FR Doc. 99-13353 Filed 5-25-99; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 3410-DM-P