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United States Department of Agriculture
Food Safety and Inspection Service
Office of Policy and Program Development
Washington, D.C.  20250-3700 

Labeling and Consumer Protection

 

Guidance for Proprietary Substances

 

 

Substances Used To Recover Fat That Will Be Used In Animal Feed

  1. Multipurpose GRAS (21 CFR, Part 182, Subpart B) or appropriate GRAS such as sequestrant or anti-caking agents (21 CFR, Part 182, Subparts C and G)
  2. Substances permitted for use in animal feed and drinking water listed in Title 21, Parts 573 and 584
  3. Prior sanctioned materials
  4. Defoaming agents listed in Title 21 Section 173.340 (a)(1) and (a)(2)

Smoke Flavoring Agents

  1. No longer require evaluation
  2. Still subject to labeling requirements and other restrictions that apply to the use of any flavoring
  3. Inspectors may use manufacturer’s letter of guaranty as indication of compliance with FDA requirements

Marking Agents Such As Branding Inks, Tattoo Inks, and Marking Crayons

  1. Formulated with FD&C certified colors - Title 21 Part 74 Subpart A Foods or color additives exempt from certification - Title 21 Part 73 Subpart A Foods
  2. Drying agents and diluents that are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) – Title 21 Section 73.1. Specifically, may use water, dextrose (corn sugar), isopropyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, shellac, and acetone. If a company wants to use another diluent that is listed in Title 21, Section 73.1, they need to obtain clearance from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
  3. Green inks are used to mark carcasses and parts derived from horses, mules, and other equines
  4. Multipurpose GRAS 21 CFR, Part 182, Subpart B

Poultry Scald Agents

    1. Acceptable substances are listed in Title 9, Section 424.21 (c)

Hog Scald Agents

    1. Acceptable substances are listed in Title 9, Section 424.21 (c)

Tripe Denuding, Bleaching, and Neutralizing Agents

    1. Acceptable substances are listed in Title 9, Section 424.21 (c)

Compounds Used for Washing Fruits and Vegetables That Will Become Components of Meat and Poultry Products

  1. Acceptable substances are listed in Title 21, Section 173.315. Substances in the section for washing sugar beets are not acceptable.
  2. Label must include the common or chemical name for each ingredient and directions for use adequate to insure compliance with the regulations.

Preflushing Agents for Casings (Title 9, Section 318.6 (b)(2))

    1. Only preflushed animal casings packed in salt or a salt and glycerine solution, or those GRAS (Title 21, Parts 182 and 184) may be used without additional flushing provided they are found to be clean and otherwise acceptable and are thoroughly rinsed with potable water before use.

Refining Agents for Rendered Fats

    1. Acceptable substances are listed in Title 9, Section 424.21(c)

Rendering Agents to Aid in Rendering Animal Fats

  1. Acceptable substances are listed in Title 9, Section 424.21(c)

Release Agents

  1. May contain edible oils such as corn oil, cottonseed oil, and soybean oil. Mineral oil complying with Title 21, Section 172.878. GRAS substances (Title 21, Parts 182 and 184), and first paragraph of 173.340.

Substances to Control Foaming in Soups, Stews, Rendered Fats, and Curing Pickle

  1. Preparations containing dimethylpolysiloxane and other substances cleared for use under Title 21, Sections 173.340(a)(1) and (a)(2), along with other substances generally recognized as safe, (Title 21, Parts 182 and 184).

Substances for Cleaning and Treating Animal Feet or Other Edible Parts

  1. Preparations containing hydrogen peroxide or other substances generally recognized as safe (Title 21, Parts 182 and 184).

Denaturants for Meat and Poultry

  1. Acceptable substances are approved food/feed additives, certified color additives, GRAS materials (21 CFR, Parts 573, 584, 182, 184, 73, and 74), or other substances cleared by the FDA Bureau of Veterinary Medicine.

Anticoagulants, Antioxidants, Catalysts, Coloring Agents, Curing Accelerators, Curing Agents, Emulsifying Agents, Flavoring Agents, Phosphates, Proteolytic Enzymes, Artificial Sweeteners, And Other Miscellaneous Substances Of Which The Components Are Required To Be Disclosed On The Labels Of Meat And Poultry Products

  1. Acceptable substances are listed in Title 9, Section 424.21(c)

 

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For Additional Information Contact:

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Food Safety and Inspection Service
1400 Independence Ave.
Room 602 - Annex Building
Washington, DC  20250
Telephone:  202-205-0279
          Fax:  202-205-3625
        Email:  FSIS.Labeling@fsis.usda.gov
Please include your name and/or company name, phone number and complete e-mail address so that we may promptly reply to your inquires.